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APOD: 2024 May 15 AR 3664 at the Suns Edge
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APOD: 2024 May 15  AR 3664 at the Suns Edge
Credit & Copyright: Sebastian Voltmer
Explanation: What did the monster active region that created the recent auroras look like when at the Sun's edge? There, AR 3664 better showed its 3D structure. Pictured, a large multi-pronged solar prominence was captured extending from chaotic sunspot region AR 3664 out into space, just one example of the particle clouds ejected from this violent solar region. The Earth could easily fit under this long-extended prominence. The featured image was captured two days ago from this constantly changing region. Yesterday, the strongest solar flare in years was expelled (not shown), a blast classified in the upper X-class. Ultraviolet light from that flare quickly hit the Earth's atmosphere and caused shortwave radio blackouts across both North and South America. Although now rotated to be facing slightly away from the Earth, particles from AR 3664 and subsequent coronal mass ejections (CMEs) might still follow curved magnetic field lines across the inner Solar System and create more Earthly auroras.

Gallery: Earth Aurora from Solar Active Region 6443

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Based on Astronomy Picture Of the Day

Publications with keywords: active region
Publications with words: active region
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