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Publikacii

za 2021 god.

Razdel: Solnce

Solnechnoe galo nad Shveciei APOD Solnechnoe galo nad Shveciei
28.12.2021 | Astronomicheskaya kartinka dnya

Chto sluchilos' s Solncem? Inogda kazhetsya, chto my smotrim na Solnce skvoz' bol'shuyu linzu. No v pokazannom zdes' sluchae na samom dele prisutstvovali milliony linz: kristally l'da. Kogda voda zamerzaet v verhnih sloyah atmosfery, mogut formirovat'sya malen'kie ploskie shestigrannye ledyanye kristally. Kogda eti kristally padayut vniz, bol'shuyu chast' vremeni ih ploskie poverhnosti raspolozheny parallel'no zemle.


Solncestoyanie i Mlechnyi Put' APOD Solncestoyanie i Mlechnyi Put'
21.12.2021 | Astronomicheskaya kartinka dnya

Segodnya – den' dekabr'skogo solncestoyaniya – pervyi den' zimy v severnom polusharii i leta v yuzhnom polusharii. Astronomicheskie sobytiya, razdelyayushie vremena goda – solncestoyaniya i ravnodenstviya – osnovany na polozhenii Solnca pri ego ezhegodnom puteshestvii vdol' ekliptiki na nebe planety Zemlya.


Otkrytka s yuzhnogo polyusa APOD Otkrytka s yuzhnogo polyusa
11.12.2021 | Astronomicheskaya kartinka dnya

Iz etogo mesta, raspolozhennogo na rasstoyanii v tri chetverti mili (1.2 km) ot geograficheskogo yuzhnogo polyusa planety Zemlya, solnechnoe zatmenie 4 dekabrya bylo vidno kak chastnoe zatmenie. V maksimal'noi faze novaya Luna zakryla 90 procentov solnechnogo diska.


Zatmenie v polyarnyi den' APOD Zatmenie v polyarnyi den'
10.12.2021 | Astronomicheskaya kartinka dnya

Vo vremya polyarnogo dnya – letom v Arktike i Antarktike – Solnce nahoditsya nad gorizontom 24 chasa ili bol'she. Kartinka smontirovana iz snimkov, sdelannyh s pomosh'yu ob'ektiva "rybii glaz" 4 dekabrya na lednike Yunion v Antarktide. Na nei zapechatlen put' Solnca, opisavshego polnyi krug v letnem nebe.


Polnoe zatmenie Solnca APOD Polnoe zatmenie Solnca
9.12.2021 | Astronomicheskaya kartinka dnya

Nemnogim udalos' postoyat' v teni Luny i nablyudat' polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie 4 dekabrya. Uzkaya polosa polnoi fazy zatmeniya, kotoruyu opredelyaet nebesnaya mehanika, a ne geograficheskie granicy, proshla po sravnitel'no malodostupnomu yuzhnomu kontinentu planety Zemlya. Vse zhe nekotorye horosho ekipirovannye entuziasty byli nagrazhdeny effektnym zrelishem v holodnom, no yasnom nebe Antarktidy.


Polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie na krayu mira APOD Polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie na krayu mira
5.12.2021 | Astronomicheskaya kartinka dnya

Vchera proizoshlo polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie, vidimoe tol'ko na krayu mira. Chtoby zapechatlet' eto neobychnoe yavlenie, samolety sovershili polety nad pokrytym oblakami Yuzhnym okeanom. Odna iz udachnyh fotografii pokazyvaet yarkoe pyatno – vneshnyuyu solnechnuyu koronu, zatmivshaya Solnce Luna vidna kak temnoe pyatno v centre.


Solnce v rentgenovskih luchah ot sputnika NuSTAR APOD Solnce v rentgenovskih luchah ot sputnika NuSTAR
23.11.2021 | Astronomicheskaya kartinka dnya

Pochemu oblasti nad solnechnymi pyatnami takie goryachie? Sami solnechnye pyatna nemnogo holodnee okruzhayushei poverhnosti, potomu chto magnitnye polya, sozdayushie ih, umen'shayut konvektivnyi nagrev. Poetomu ochen' stranno, chto oblasti nad nimi – dazhe nahodyashiesya namnogo vyshe v solnechnoi korone – mogut byt' v sotni raz goryachee.


Zelenyi luch: video APOD Zelenyi luch: video
10.11.2021 | Astronomicheskaya kartinka dnya

Mnogie schitayut, chto eto lish' mif. Drugie dumayut, chto eto real'noe yavlenie, no prichiny ego poyavleniya neizvestny. Iskateli priklyuchenii gordyatsya, esli im dovelos' eto uvidet'. Eto – zelenyi luch ot Solnca. V deistvitel'nosti zelenyi luch sushestvuet, i priroda ego horosho ponyatna.


Volokno otryvaetsya ot Solnca APOD Volokno otryvaetsya ot Solnca
8.11.2021 | Astronomicheskaya kartinka dnya

Pochemu inogda chasti atmosfery Solnca ustremlyayutsya v kosmos? Prichina zaklyuchaetsya v izmenyayushemsya magnitnom pole, kotoroe pronizyvaet poverhnost' Solnca. Oblasti sil'nogo magnitnogo polya na poverhnosti, izvestnye kak aktivnye oblasti, obychno vyglyadyat kak temnye solnechnye pyatna.


Severnoe siyanie Rorshaha APOD Severnoe siyanie Rorshaha
30.10.2021 | Astronomicheskaya kartinka dnya

Esli vy uvidite na kartinke lico monstra, ne panikuite. Eto vsego lish' pareidoliya – zritel'naya illyuziya, blagodarya kotoroi uzory iz sveta i temnoty mogut vosprinimat'sya kak znakomye ob'ekty. V deistvitel'nosti eta kartinka – 180-gradusnaya panorama severnogo siyaniya, v kotoruyu pri cifrovoi obrabotke vklyucheny otrazheniya, podobnye tem, chto sozdayutsya klyaksami na slozhennom liste bumagi.


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