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Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 27 iyunya po 3 iyulya 2022 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 27 iyunya po 3 iyulya 2022 goda
24.06.2022 6:02 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele 27 iyunya nastupit maksimum deistviya meteornogo potoka Iyun'skie Bootidy (potok peremennyi, ZHR= 0 - 100), a Luna (F= 0,03-) proidet severnee Merkuriya. 28 iyunya Neptun dostignet stoyaniya s perehodom k popyatnomu dvizheniyu, a 29 iyunya Luna (F= 0,0) proidet tochku maksimal'nogo skloneniya k severu ot nebesnogo ekvatora okolo apogeya svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 406575 km ot centra Zemli. 1 iyulya Venera proidet v 4 gr. severnee Al'debarana, a Luna (F= 0,06+) - severnee rasseyannogo zvezdnogo skopleniya Yasli (M44). 3 iyulya Luna (F= 0,16+) proidet severnee Regula. Na utrennem nebe nablyudaetsya parad planet, kotoryi luchshe vsego viden v yuzhnyh shirotah. Krome etogo, na sumerechnom nebe srednih shirot strany vozmozhno poyavlenie serebristyh oblakov.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy priderzhivaetsya znacheniya 57 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote sostavlyaet okolo 17 chasov 25 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca priderzhivaetsya 31,46 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Bliznecov. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu novoluniya 29 iyunya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Tel'ca, Bliznecov, Raka i L'va, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,05- do 0,2+ i uvelichivaya (s 29 iyunya - umen'shaya) sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Tel'ca. 27 iyunya pri faze 0,03- lunnyi serp proidet severnee Merkuriya. 28 iyunya tonkii staryi mesyac vstupit v sozvezdie Bliznecov, gde 29 iyunya primet fazu novoluniya. 30 iyunya Luna pereidet v sozvezdie Raka i zakonchit svoi put' po iyun'skomu nebu pri faze 0,03+. V pervyi den' iyulya proidet severnee rasseyannogo zvezdnogo skopleniya Yasli (M44) pri faze 0,06+. V sozvezdie L'va nochnoe svetilo vstupit 2 iyulya pri faze 0,1+. Zdes' lunnyi serp 3 iyulya proidet severnee Regula pri faze 0,16+. Zatem nochnoe svetilo ustremitsya k sozvezdiyu Devy. Fazy Luny na dannoe vremya i na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii, Venera, Mars i Uran vidny na utrennem nebe, a Yupiter, Saturn i Neptun nablyudayutsya na nochnom i utrennem nebe. Podrobnye efemeridy i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet imeyutsya na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1769488 . Efemeridy Solnca, Luny i planet na kazhdyi den' - http://astropixels.com/.

Iz komet (naibolee dostupnyh dlya lyubitelei astronomii) hvostataya strannica PANSTARRS (C/2017 K2) peremeshaetsya po sozvezdiyu Zmeenosca pri raschetnom bleske yarche 8m. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na iyun' i KN na iyul', a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2022 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii - na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkoi na dannoi nedele budet Vesta (6,7m) v sozvezdii Vodoleya.

Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Svedeniya ob astronomicheskih yavleniyah proshlogo i tekushego stoletii mozhno naiti v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem, peremeshayas' po sozvezdiyu Tel'ca. Merkurii viden na fone utrennei zari (luchshe vsego v yuzhnyh shirotah strany). Blesk planety uvelichivaetsya ot -0,3m do -0,9m, uglovye razmery sostavlyayut okolo 6 sekund dugi, a faza uvelichivaetsya ot 0,6 do 0,8. V teleskop mozhno nablyudat' nebol'shoi oval bez detalei. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei uvelichivaetsya ot 1,04 do 1,18 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2022 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2022 god. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2022.html

Venera. Planeta imeet pryamoe dvizhenie, peremeshayas' po sozvezdiyu Tel'ca bliz Al'debarana. Venera vidna na fone utrennei zari v vide yarkoi zvezdy pri zapadnoi elongacii, umen'shayusheisya ot 31 do 29 gradusov. Vidimyi diametr Venery sostavlyaet okolo 12 uglovyh sekund, a blesk priderzhivaetsya znacheniya -4m pri faze okolo 0,85. V teleskop nablyudaetsya yarkii oval bez detalei. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi uvelichivaetsya ot 1,38 do 1,42 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2022.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ryb. Mars viden na utrennem nebe. Blesk planety sostavlyaet +0,4m, a vidimyi diametr - okolo 7 sekund dugi. V teleskop viden krohotnyi disk s krupnymi detalyami. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 1,32 do 1,28 a.e. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2022.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Kita. Yupiter mozhno nablyudat' na nochnom i utrennem nebe. Uglovoi diametr planety sostavlyaet okolo 41 sekund dugi pri bleske -2,4m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli 4,89 - 4,78 a.e.. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali. Pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi naibolee horosho vidny v period protivostoyaniya. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na iyun' i KN na iyul'. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2022.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta dvizhetsya popyatno, peremeshayas' po sozvezdiyu Kozeroga. Saturn nablyudaetsya na nochnom i utrennem nebe. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,5m, a uglovoi diametr - okolo 18 sekund dugi. V teleskop mozhno nablyudat' kol'co planety. Sputnik Saturna Titan (8m) mozhno uvidet' dazhe v binokl', a drugie otnositel'no yarkie sputniki planety - v teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 60mm (luchshe vsego v period protivostoyaniya). Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna umen'shaetsya ot 9,19 do 9,11 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2022.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +6, d= 3,4 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ovna. Uran nahoditsya na utrennem nebe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom umen'shaetsya ot 20,37 do 20,27 a.e.. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 80 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Nevooruzhennym glazom planetu mozhno nablyudat' vblizi protivostoyaniya v bezlunnye nochi. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2022.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +8, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem (28 iyunya menyaya dvizheniya na popyatnoe), peremeshayas' po sozvezdiyu Ryb levee zvezdy fi Aqr (4,2m). Neptun mozhno naiti v binokl' na utrennem nebe, a luchshe vsego ego nablyudat' v yuzhnyh shirotah strany. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom umen'shaetsya ot 29,72 do 29,61 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2022.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca na rasstoyanii okolo 35 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - v zhurnale Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

  
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)     r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.  
Cerera (1)  
26 Jun 2022   7h17m54.60s  N26 25' 00.5"  2.595   3.570  8.6  13.9  65.96  94.5 Gem  
 1 Jul 2022   7h27m39.35s  N26 13' 33.8"  2.592   3.580  8.6  11.6  66.27  95.4 Gem  
Pallada (2)  
26 Jun 2022   3h51m49.46s  S 1 17' 16.4"  2.514   3.157  9.5  43.2  68.64  92.7 Eri  
 1 Jul 2022   4h00m56.16s  S 1 25' 19.5"  2.502   3.107  9.5  45.5  68.82  94.0 Eri  
Vesta (4)  
26 Jun 2022  22h38m39.51s  S13 49' 48.0"  2.237   1.573  6.8 118.0  17.58 109.7 Aqr  
 1 Jul 2022  22h40m39.05s  S14 03' 43.9"  2.241   1.527  6.7 122.3  14.17 126.1 Aqr  
Irena (14)  
26 Jun 2022  19h14m22.70s  S26 25' 10.8"  2.575   1.574  9.8 166.8  36.10 247.3 Sgr  
 1 Jul 2022  19h09m24.44s  S26 52' 20.4"  2.584   1.573  9.7 172.1  37.23 249.2 Sgr  
Amfitrita (29)  
26 Jun 2022  16h34m16.50s  S31 25' 31.7"  2.728   1.769  9.8 155.7  28.76 285.3 Sco  
 1 Jul 2022  16h30m19.33s  S31 10' 13.3"  2.727   1.795  9.9 150.5  25.29 288.7 Sco  
Dafniya (41)  
26 Jun 2022  17h02m22.36s  N 6 03' 24.5"  2.109   1.192 10.0 145.3  24.79 243.0 Oph  
 1 Jul 2022  16h59m47.93s  N 5 37' 08.8"  2.118   1.220 10.1 142.5  23.49 230.1 Oph  
  
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,    
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),    
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),   
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie    

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2022 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii iyunya i iyulya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na iyun', KN na iyul', Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2022 god i Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike .

27 iyunya, noch' - Maksimum deistviya meteornogo potoka Iyun'skie Bootidy (potok peremennyi, ZHR= 0 -100).

28 iyunya, 23 chasa 27 minut - Neptun v stoyanii s perehodom k popyatnomu dvizheniyu.

29 iyunya, 02 chasa 52 minuty - Novolunie.

30 iyunya i vsyu nedelyu, sumerki - Vozmozhnost' poyavleniya serebristyh oblakov v srednih shirotah strany.

01 iyulya i vsyu nedelyu, utro - Venera bliz Al'debarana.

02 iyulya, vecher - Luna (F= 0,11+) bliz Regula.

03 iyulya, vecher - Luna (F= 0,18+) bliz Regula.

 

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Novosti nauki, Meteoveb, Mir astronomii i DvaStrel'ca.

 

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 30 iyunya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 30 iyunya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yugo-zapadnoi i zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 30 iyunya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

 

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N 06 i 07 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), Astronomicheskii kalendar'-spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda, http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


Publikacii s klyuchevymi slovami: astronomicheskaya nedelya - lyubitel'skaya astronomiya - nebo - nevooruzhennym glazom
Publikacii so slovami: astronomicheskaya nedelya - lyubitel'skaya astronomiya - nebo - nevooruzhennym glazom
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