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Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 13 po 19 iyunya 2022 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 13 po 19 iyunya 2022 goda
10.06.2022 8:20 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele 13 iyunya proidet Luna (F= 0,98+) prohodit severnee Antaresa, a 14 iyunya pri faze 0,99- dostignet perigeya svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 357434 km ot centra Zemli. 15 iyunya Luna (F= 0,99-) proidet tochku maksimal'nogo skloneniya k yugu ot nebesnogo ekvatora, a takzhe proizoidet pokrytie Lunoi (F= 0,97-) zvezdy tau Strel'ca (3,3m) pri vidimosti na Evropeiskoi chasti strany i v Sibiri. 16 iyunya Merkurii dostignet maksimal'noi zapadnoi (utrennei) elongacii 23 gradusa, a takzhe proizoidet pokrytie Lunoi (F= 0,93-) zvezdy omega Strel'ca (4,7m) pri vidimosti na vostoke strany. 18 iyunya Luna (F= 0,77-) proidet yuzhnee Saturna. Na utrennem nebe nablyudaetsya parad planet, kotoryi luchshe vsego viden v yuzhnyh shirotah. Krome etogo, na sumerechnom nebe srednih shirot strany vozmozhno poyavlenie serebristyh oblakov.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy sostavlyaet 57 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote priderzhivaetsya 17 chasov 30 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca umen'shaetsya do 31,48 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Tel'ca. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu polnoluniya 14 iyunya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Skorpiona, Zmeenosca, Strel'ca, Kozeroga i Vodoleya, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,97+ do 0,6- i umen'shaya (s 15 iyunya - uvelichivaya) sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Skorpiona. 13 iyunya, uvelichiv fazu do 0,98+, lunnyi disk pereidet v sozvezdie Zmeenosca (nablyudayas' vsyu noch' severnee Antaresa) i primet zdes' fazu polnoluniya 14 iyunya. V etot zhe den' polnaya Luna pereidet v sozvezdie Strel'ca. Zdes' nochnoe svetilo budet nahodit'sya do 16 iyunya, kogda vstupit v sozvezdie Kozeroga pri faze okolo 0,92-. 18 iyunya lunnyi oval proidet yuzhnee Saturna, umen'shiv fazu do 0,77-. V etot zhe den' nochnoe svetilo pereidet v sozvezdie Vodoleya pri faze 0,76-. Zdes' 19 iyunya Luna (F= 0,7-) proidet yuzhnee Vesty (pokrytie, vidimoe na yuge Yuzhnoi Ameriki). Fazy Luny na dannoe vremya i na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii, Venera, Mars, Yupiter, Uran i Neptun mozhno naiti na utrennem nebe, a Saturn nablyudaetsya na nochnom i utrennem nebe. Podrobnye efemeridy i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet imeyutsya na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1769488 . Efemeridy Solnca, Luny i planet na kazhdyi den' - http://astropixels.com/.

Iz komet (naibolee dostupnyh dlya lyubitelei astronomii) hvostataya strannica PANSTARRS (C/2017 K2) peremeshaetsya po sozvezdiyu Zmeenosca pri bleske okolo 8m. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na iyun', a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2022 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii - na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkoi na dannoi nedele budet Vesta (6,9m) v sozvezdii Vodoleya.

Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Svedeniya ob astronomicheskih yavleniyah proshlogo i tekushego stoletii mozhno naiti v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem, peremeshayas' po sozvezdiyu Tel'ca bliz Al'debarana. Merkurii viden na fone utrennei zari (luchshe vsego v yuzhnyh shirotah strany). Blesk planety uvelichivaetsya ot +1m do +0,2m, a uglovye razmery umen'shayutsya ot 9 do 7,5 sekund dugi, pri faze, uvelichivayusheisya k koncu nedeli do 0,45. V teleskop mozhno nablyudat' nebol'shoi serp bez detalei. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei uvelichivaetsya ot 0,75 do 0,89 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2022 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2022 god. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2022.html

Venera. Planeta imeet pryamoe dvizhenie, peremeshayas' po sozvezdiyu Ovna, 17 iyunya perehodya v sozvezdie Tel'ca. Venera vidna na fone utrennei zari v vide yarkoi zvezdy pri zapadnoi elongacii okolo 33 gradusov. Vidimyi diametr Venery sostavlyaet menee 13 uglovyh sekund, a blesk priderzhivaetsya znacheniya -4m pri faze okolo 0,8. V teleskop nablyudaetsya yarkii oval bez detalei. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi uvelichivaetsya ot 1,3 do 1,34 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2022.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ryb. Mars viden na utrennem nebe. Blesk planety sostavlyaet +0,5m, a vidimyi diametr - okolo 7 sekund dugi. V teleskop viden krohotnyi disk s krupnymi detalyami. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 1,39 do 1,36 a.e. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2022.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ryb. Yupiter mozhno nablyudat' na utrennem nebe. Uglovoi diametr planety sostavlyaet okolo 39 sekund dugi pri bleske -2,3m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli 5,10 - 5,0 a.e.. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali. Pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi naibolee horosho vidny v period protivostoyaniya. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na iyun'. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2022.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta dvizhetsya popyatno, peremeshayas' po sozvezdiyu Kozeroga. Saturn nablyudaetsya na nochnom i utrennem nebe. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,6m, a uglovoi diametr - okolo 18 sekund dugi. V teleskop mozhno nablyudat' kol'co planety. Sputnik Saturna Titan (8m) mozhno uvidet' dazhe v binokl', a drugie otnositel'no yarkie sputniki planety - v teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 60mm (luchshe vsego v period protivostoyaniya). Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna umen'shaetsya ot 9,38 do 9,28 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2022.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +6, d= 3,4 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ovna (yuzhnee zvezdy al'fa Ovna). Uran nahoditsya na utrennem nebe, no viden tol'ko v yuzhnyh shirotah. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom umen'shaetsya ot 20,52 do 20,45 a.e.. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 80 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Nevooruzhennym glazom planetu mozhno nablyudat' vblizi protivostoyaniya v bezlunnye nochi. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2022.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +8, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem, peremeshayas' po sozvezdiyu Ryb levee zvezdy fi Aqr (4,2m). Neptun mozhno naiti v binokl' na utrennem nebe (bliz Yupitera), a luchshe vsego ego nablyudat' v yuzhnyh shirotah strany. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom umen'shaetsya ot 29,96 do 29,84 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2022.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca na rasstoyanii okolo 35 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - v zhurnale Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

  
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)     r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.  
Cerera (1)  
16 Jun 2022   6h58m29.90s  N26 41' 25.5"  2.600   3.540  8.7  18.9  65.21  92.7 Gem  
21 Jun 2022   7h08m11.20s  N26 34' 18.2"  2.598   3.557  8.7  16.4  65.60  93.6 Gem  
Pallada (2)  
16 Jun 2022   3h33m40.13s  S 1 10' 19.8"  2.539   3.252  9.6  38.6  68.14  90.2 Tau  
21 Jun 2022   3h42m43.90s  S 1 12' 19.4"  2.526   3.205  9.6  40.9  68.41  91.5 Eri  
Vesta (4)  
16 Jun 2022  22h32m41.91s  S13 36' 04.6"  2.229   1.671  7.0 109.7  25.92  93.0 Aqr  
21 Jun 2022  22h35m59.63s  S13 40' 39.3"  2.233   1.621  6.9 113.8  21.68  99.5 Aqr  
Irena (14)  
16 Jun 2022  19h23m14.08s  S25 28' 27.1"  2.557   1.597 10.0 155.6  30.98 242.4 Sgr  
21 Jun 2022  19h19m01.93s  S25 56' 59.9"  2.566   1.583  9.9 161.2  33.97 245.1 Sgr  
Amfitrita (29)  
16 Jun 2022  16h43m41.87s  S31 51' 28.2"  2.731   1.735  9.6 165.6  33.62 279.5 Sco  
21 Jun 2022  16h38m46.32s  S31 39' 28.4"  2.729   1.749  9.7 160.8  31.58 282.3 Sco  
Dafniya (41)  
16 Jun 2022  17h08m51.25s  N 6 31' 02.3"  2.091   1.151  9.9 149.4  27.73 264.9 Oph  
21 Jun 2022  17h05m25.85s  N 6 21' 37.0"  2.100   1.169 10.0 147.6  26.29 254.5 Oph  
  
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,    
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),    
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),   
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie    

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2022 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii iyunya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na iyun', Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2022 god i Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike .

13 iyunya, noch' - Luna (F= 0,98+) prohodit severnee Antaresa

14 iyunya, 11 chasov 51 minuta - Polnolunie.

15 iyunya, 11 chasov 00 minut - Luna (F= 0,99-) prohodit tochku maksimal'nogo skloneniya k yugu ot nebesnogo ekvatora.

16 iyunya, 22 chasa 12 minut - Pokrytie Lunoi (F= 0,97-) zvezdy tau Strel'ca (3,3m) pri vidimosti na Evropeiskoi chasti strany i v Sibiri.

17 iyunya i vsyu nedelyu, sumerki - Vozmozhnost' poyavleniya serebristyh oblakov v srednih shirotah strany.

18 iyunya, utro - Luna (F= 0,8-) prohodit yuzhnee Saturna

19 iyunya, utro - Luna (F= 0,7-) bliz Vesty.

 

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Novosti nauki, Meteoveb, Mir astronomii i DvaStrel'ca.

 

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 16 iyunya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 16 iyunya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yugo-zapadnoi i zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 16 iyunya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

 

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N 06 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO i http://blog.astronomypage.ru (peremennye zvezdy), Astronomicheskii kalendar'-spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda, http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


Publikacii s klyuchevymi slovami: astronomicheskaya nedelya - lyubitel'skaya astronomiya - nebo - nevooruzhennym glazom
Publikacii so slovami: astronomicheskaya nedelya - lyubitel'skaya astronomiya - nebo - nevooruzhennym glazom
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