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Solnce

Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 3 po 9 maya 2021 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 3 po 9 maya 2021 goda
30.04.2021 7:01 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele 3 maya dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda RS Lebedya dostignet maksimuma bleska (6,5m), a Luna (F= 0,5-) proidet yuzhnee Saturna. V etot zhe den' Merkurii proidet yuzhnee Pleyad. 5 maya maksimuma deistviya dostignut eta-Akvaridy (ZHR= 40) iz sozvezdiya Vodoleya, a Luna (F= 0,39-) proidet yuzhnee Yupitera. 6 maya Luna (F= 0,22-) proidet yuzhnee Neptuna, a 9 maya Venera proidet yuzhnee Pleyad. 9 maya dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda V Volopasa dostignet maksimuma bleska (6,5m), a Merkurii budet nahodit'sya severnee Giad. Krome etogo, idet period, kogda yarkie sputniki Yupitera tesno sblizhayutsya i pokryvayutsya drug drugom.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy uvelichivaetsya do 52 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote vozrastaet do 15 chasov 55 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca umen'shaetsya do 31,68 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Ovna. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu poslednei chetverti 3 maya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Kozeroga, Vodoleya i Ryb, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,6- do 0,03- i uvelichivaya sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Kozeroga, gde zaderzhitsya do 4 maya. V etom sozvezdii Luna primet fazu poslednei chetverti, nahodyas' yuzhnee Saturna. Pri faze 0,41- serp Luny 4 maya voidet v sozvezdie Vodoleya, gde v etot den' proidet (F= 0,39-) yuzhnee Yupitera. 6 maya Luna dostignet Neptuna, yuzhnee kotorogo budet nablyudat'sya pri faze 0,22-. 7 maya tayushii lunnyi serp budet nablyudat'sya v sozvezdii Ryb, v etot zhe den' pereidya v sozvezdie Kita. Zdes' Luna probudet ves' den' 8 maya, a 9 maya eshe raz pereidet v sozvezdie Ryb pri faze 0,07-. Fazy Luny na dannoe vremya i na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii i Venera vidny na fone vechernei zari, a Mars mozhno nablyudat' po vecheram. Yupiter i Saturn imeyut utrennyuyu vidimost'. Uran ne viden, a Neptun poyavlyaetsya na utrennem sumerechnom nebe. Podrobnye efemeridy i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet imeyutsya v pechatnoi versii v AK_2021 na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1704127. Efemeridy Solnca, Luny i planet na kazhdyi den' - http://astropixels.com/ .

Iz komet hvostataya strannica ATLAS (C/2020 R4) s bleskom okolo 10m peremeshaetsya po sozvezdiyam Gonchih Psov i Volos Veroniki. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na mai, a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2021 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii - na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkoi na dannoi nedele budet Vesta (7,1m) v sozvezdii L'va.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd, nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: ST Strel'ca 8,3m - 3 maya, RS Lebedya 7,4m - 3 maya, U Maloi Medvedicy 8,2m - 7 maya, V Volopasa 7,8m - 9 maya.

Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Svedeniya ob astronomicheskih yavleniyah proshlogo i tekushego stoletii mozhno naiti v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Tel'ca, nablyudayas' na fone vechernei zari ryadom s Veneroi. Uglovye razmery Merkuriya sostavlyayut okolo 6 sekund dugi, a blesk - okolo -1m. Faza planety umen'shaetsya ot 0,8 do 0,55, a elongaciya uvelichivaetsya ot 15 do 20 gradusov. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 1,15 do 1,0 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2021 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2021 god. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2021.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ovna, 3 maya perehodya v sozvezdie Tel'ca. Venera nablyudaetsya na vechernem nebe okolo Merkuriya. Elongaciya planety uvelichivaetsya do 11,5 gradusov k vostoku ot Solnca. Vidimyi diametr Venery sostavlyaet okolo 10 uglovyh sekund, a blesk imeet znachenie -4m pri faze blizkoi k 1. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi umen'shaetsya ot 1,69 do 1,68 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2021.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Bliznecov. Mars nablyudaetsya v vechernee vremya. Blesk planety imeet znachenie okolo +1,6m, a vidimyi diametr - okolo 4,5 sekund dugi. V teleskop viden krohotnyi krasnovatyi disk. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei uvelichivaetsya ot 2,04 do 2,09 a.e. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2021.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya. Yupiter viden na utrennem nebe levee Saturna. Uglovoi diametr planety sostavlyaet okolo 38 sekund dugi pri bleske bolee -2m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli 5,24 - 5,13 a.e.. V nebol'shoi teleskop v periody horoshei vidimosti mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali. Pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi naibolee horosho vidny v period protivostoyaniya. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na mai. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2021.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta imeet pryamoe dvizhenie, peremeshayas' po sozvezdiyu Kozeroga. Saturn nablyudaetsya na utrennem nebe pravee Yupitera. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,6m, a uglovoi diametr - okolo 17 sekund dugi. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno nablyudat' kol'co planety. Sputnik Saturna Titan (8m) mozhno uvidet' dazhe v binokl', a drugie otnositel'no yarkie sputniki planety - v teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 60mm. Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna umen'shaetsya ot 9,92 do 9,80 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2021.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +6, d= 3,4 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ovna (yuzhnee zvezdy al'fa Ovna (+2m)). Uran proshel soedinenie s Solncem 29 aprelya, poetomu ne viden. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom umen'shaetsya ot 20,76 do 20,75 a.e.. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 80 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2021.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +8, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) imeet pryamoe dvizhenie, peremeshayas' po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya levee zvezdy fi Aqr (4,2m). Neptun mozhno popytat'sya naiti na utrennem sumerechnom nebe. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom umen'shaetsya za nedelyu ot 30,56 do 30,46 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2021.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca na rasstoyanii okolo 34 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - v zhurnale Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

   
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)   r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.   
Cerera (1)   
 6 May 2021   1h56.57049m  + 4.74042 deg  2.899   3.842  9.1  17.9  58.90  68.4 Psc   
11 May 2021   2h03.85383m  + 5.45434 deg  2.896   3.820  9.1  20.6  58.62  68.9 Psc   
Vesta (4)   
 6 May 2021  10h50.70679m  +17.46146 deg  2.284   1.711  7.1 111.6  18.97 136.3 Leo   
11 May 2021  10h52.89708m  +16.97908 deg  2.280   1.761  7.1 107.6  23.68 131.3 Leo   
Geba (6)   
 6 May 2021  19h55.06471m  - 7.86772 deg  2.443   1.968 10.1 105.7  25.66  71.4 Aql   
11 May 2021  19h58.11289m  - 7.60703 deg  2.432   1.898 10.0 109.7  21.60  70.4 Aql   
Irida (7)   
 6 May 2021   1h16.32479m  +11.87867 deg  1.903   2.784  9.9  23.6  90.96  68.5 Psc   
11 May 2021   1h27.85321m  +12.97858 deg  1.896   2.758  9.9  25.4  91.10  69.0 Psc   
Ausonia (63)   
 6 May 2021  17h03.22500m  -32.98474 deg  2.124   1.211 10.3 146.1  17.95 245.1 Sco   
11 May 2021  17h00.34601m  -33.20198 deg  2.121   1.180 10.2 151.1  22.61 255.1 Sco   
   
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,     
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),     
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),    
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie     

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2021 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii maya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na mai, Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2021 god i Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike .

03 maya, 19 chasov 50 minut - Luna v faze poslednei chetverti.

04 maya, utro - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda RS Lebedya bliz maksimuma bleska (6,5m).

05 maya, noch' - Maksimuma deistviya meteornogo potoka eta-Akvaridy (ZHR= 40) iz sozvezdiya Vodoleya.

06 maya i vsyu nedelyu, noch' - Kometa ATLAS (C/2020 R4) bliz zvezdy al'fa Gonchih Psov.

07 maya, noch' - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda U Maloi Medvedicy bliz maksimuma bleska (7m).

08 maya i vsyu nedelyu, vecher - Merkurii i Venera bliz Pleyad i Giad.

09 maya, noch' - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda V Volopasa bliz maksimuma bleska (6,5m).

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Novosti nauki, Meteoveb, Mir astronomii i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 6 maya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 6 maya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yugo-zapadnoi i zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 6 maya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

 

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N 05 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO i http://blog.astronomypage.ru (peremennye zvezdy), Astronomicheskii kalendar'-spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda, http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


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