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Kol'ceobraznoe solnechnoe zatmenie 10 iyunya 2021 goda Kol'ceobraznoe solnechnoe zatmenie 10 iyunya 2021 goda
16.02.2021 14:16 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Solnechnye zatmeniya proishodyat dostatochno redko v celom dlya Zemli, a tem bolee dlya opredelennoi tochki na poverhnosti Zemli, poetomu interes k takomu yavleniyu vsegda bol'shoi dazhe sredi lyudei, kotorye ne zanimayutsya astronomiei. Blagodarya obshirnoi territorii nashei strany, solnechnye zatmeniya u nas mozhno nablyudat' vse zhe chashe, chem v drugih stranah, kotorye men'she po ploshadi.

V proshlom godu (21 iyunya 2020 goda) rossiyane mogli nablyudat' chastnye fazy kol'ceobraznogo solnechnogo zatmeniya, imevshego mesto v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. V 2021 godu u zhitelei nashei strany imeetsya vozmozhnost' nablyudat' kol'ceobraznoe solnechnoe zatmenie 10 iyunya, polosa kotorogo proidet po territorii Chukotki. Konechno, eto ne samoe udobnoe mesto dlya nablyudeniya zatmeniya, t.k. dobirat'sya v polosu zatmeniya v pavodkovyi period etoi mestnosti ves'ma zatrudnitel'no. Tem ne menee, zhiteli nemnogochislennyh naselennyh punktov, popadayushih v polosu kol'ceobraznoi fazy, smogut uvidet' eto zamechatel'noe yavlenie, pri kotorom Luna ne zakroet polnost'yu solnechnyi disk, obrazovav, takim obrazom, solnechnoe kol'co vokrug lunnogo diska.

Iyun'skoe solnechnoe zatmenie 2021 goda interesno eshe i tem, chto chastnye fazy ego mozhno budet nablyudat' prakticheski na vsei territorii strany, za isklyucheniem Primor'ya, Kamchatki, krainih vostochnyh oblastei Chukotki i yuzhnyh raionov Rossii i SNG.

Zatmenie na Zemle nachnetsya v 8 chasov 12 minut po vsemirnomu vremeni (UT), a zakonchitsya v 13 chasov 11 minut UT. Obshaya prodolzhitel'nost' zatmeniya sostavit okolo pyati chasov. Maksimal'naya faza zatmeniya dlya Zemli sostavit 0,94, a seredina zatmeniya pridetsya na 10 chasov 41 minutu 51 sekundu UT. Gamma zatmeniya budet imet' znachenie 0,915. Eto oznachaet, chto central'naya liniya lunnoi teni proidet vyshe centra Zemli na rasstoyanii 0,915 radiusa Zemli. Kol'ceobraznoe zatmenie dlya Zemli nachnetsya v 9 chasov 49 minut po vsemirnomu vremeni, a zakonchitsya v 11 chasov 33 minuty UT. Obshaya prodolzhitel'nost' kol'ceobraznogo zatmeniya sostavit menee dvuh chasov.

Dlya konkretnogo punkta nablyudeniya prodolzhitel'nost' kol'ceobraznoi fazy sostavit vsego neskol'ko minut, a tochnye dannye dlya nekotoryh naselennyh punktov, popadayushih v polosu zatmeniya mozhno uznat' iz tablicy nizhe. Dlya teh naselennyh punktov, gde budut nablyudat'sya chastnye fazy zatmeniya, privedena drugaya tablica, v kotoroi ukazany momenty kontaktov vhozhdeniya Luny na solnechnyi disk i shozhdeniya Luny s solnechnogo diska. Dlya etih punktov ukazana takzhe maksimal'naya faza zatmeniya i moment maksimal'noi fazy. Naprimer, v Moskve maksimal'naya faza 0,267 nastupit v 11 chasov 26 minut 15 sekund po vsemirnomu vremeni. Poskol'ku vremya v tablicah daetsya vsemirnoe (UT), dlya togo chtoby uznat' momenty zatmeniya po moskovskomu vremeni, nuzhno pribavit' k znacheniyu vsemirnogo vremeni tri chasa. Dlya teh gorodov, gde vremya otlichaetsya ot moskovskogo, sleduet pribavlyat' tri chasa i eshe raznost' s moskovskim vremenem.

Ostaetsya dobavit', chto dannoe zatmenie yavlyaetsya povtoreniem cherez saros kol'ceobraznogo zatmeniya 31 maya 2003 goda, chastnye fazy kotorogo takzhe nablyudalis' na territorii nashei strany.

Vnimanie! Nablyudat' chastnye i kol'ceobraznye fazy solnechnogo zatmeniya v binokl' ili teleskop nuzhno obyazatel'no s pomosh'yu special'nogo solnechnogo fil'tra, kotoryi nadevaetsya na ob'ektiv vashego opticheskogo pribora. Dlya nevooruzhennogo glaza podoidut fil'try dostatochnoi plotnosti, chtoby ne bylo osleplyayushego deistviya ot toi chasti Solnca, kotoraya ne zatmilas' (naprimer, fil'tr maski svarshika).

Podrobnaya stat'ya o kol'ceobraznom solnechnom zatmenii 10 iyunya 2021 goda s naglyadnoi animaciei zatmeniya i so ssylkami na podrobnye karty vidimosti zatmeniya na saite Meteoveb

Solnechnye zatmeniya v Rossii i SNG v 2018 - 2033 godah

Svedeniya o drugih zatmeniyah (solnechnyh i lunnyh) za 2 stoletiya imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike

Karta-shema kol'ceobraznogo solnechnogo zatmeniya 10 iyunya 2021 goda

Tablica nekotoryh naselennyh punktov, popadayushih v polosu kol'ceobraznogo zatmeniya (Meteoveb)

                     
Punkt     NChZ      V      NKZ    Maksimum  V     KKZ       KChZ      V  Dlit KZ                     
                     
Chokurdah 10:26:43  11  11:24:56  11:26:45  08  11:28:33  12:25:14   05 3 m 36 s           
Belaya                      
Gora     10:30:15  10  11:28:21  11:29:48  06  11:31:15  12:27:40   04 2 m 54 s          
Abyi     10:30:53  10  11:29:20  11:30:30  06  11:31:40  12:28:24   04 2 m 20 s           
Desku    10:31:09  10  11:29:51  11:30:50  07  11:31:48  12:28:46   04 1 m 56 s          
Sredne                     
kolymsk  10:28:43  07  11:25:17  11:27:05  04  11:28:52  12:23:59   02 3 m 35 s            
Zyryanka  10:32:06  07  11:28:35  11:30:14  03  11:31:54  12:26:46   00 3 m 19 s            
Ugol'noe 10:32:38  07  11:29:22  11:30:53  03  11:32:24  12:27:29   01 3 m 02 s            
Sasyr    10:34:32  07  11:32:38  11:32:54  03  11:33:10  12:29:31   00 0 m 31 s           
Taskan   10:35:48  05  11:32:23  11:33:05  01  11:33:47  11:49 (Z  (0) 1 m 24 s           
El'gen   10:35:51  05  11:32:18  11:33:03  00  11:33:48  11:45 (Z) (0) 1 m 30 s         
Debin    10:36:22  04  11:33:04  11:33:24  00  11:33:44  11:38 (Z) (0) 0 m 40 s         
Orotukan 10:35:57  04  11:31:59  11:32:52  00  11:33 (Z) 11:33 (Z) (0) 1 m 38 s         
                      
Oboznacheniya:                         
NChZ - nachalo chastnogo zatmeniya po vsemirnomu koordinirovannomu vremeni                         
V - vysota Solnca nad gorizontom na moment vremeni v gradusah                          
NKZ - nachalo kol'ceobraznogo zatmeniya po vsemirnomu koordinirovannomu vremeni                         
KKZ - konec kol'ceobraznogo zatmeniya po vsemirnomu koordinirovannomu vremeni                         
KChZ - konec chastnogo zatmeniya po vsemirnomu koordinirovannomu vremeni                         
Dlit KZ - dlitel'nost' kol'ceobraznogo zatmeniya                         
M.faza - maksimal'naya faza zatmeniya v dannom punkte nablyudeniya                         

Tablica nekotoryh naselennyh punktov, gde budut vidny chastnye fazy zatmeniya (Meteoveb)

                        
Punkt            NChZ    Maksimum    KChZ     M.faza                     
                     
Abakan        11:10:21  12:10:02  13:05:26  0.494                      
Aldan         10:53:13  11:52:05  (12:38)   0.781                      
Arhangel'sk   10:09:24  11:22:22  12:32:33  0.486                      
Astrahan'     11:27:07  11:55:26  12:22:44  0.046                     
Barnaul       11:10:47  12:10:25  13:05:34  0.434                      
Belgorod      10:39:34  11:28:33  12:15:29  0.129                      
Berezniki     10:38:14  11:45:40  12:48:35  0.406                      
Bodaibo       10:58:08  11:58:07  12:54:46  0.705                      
Bratsk        11:03:44  12:04:22  13:01:05  0.604                      
Bryansk        10:23:41  11:22:15  12:18:34  0.199                      
Velikii                      
Novgorod      10:04:59  11:14:13  12:21:31  0.339                      
Volgograd     11:04:36  11:45:45  12:24:54  0.095                      
Vologda       10:17:36  11:26:38  12:32:28  0.357                      
Vorkuta       10:26:02  11:37:01  12:44:16  0.599                      
Voronezh       10:39:37  11:32:41  12:23:14  0.161                      
Ekaterinburg  10:49:11  11:53:23  12:52:56  0.364                      
Izhevsk        10:41:43  11:46:22  12:46:38  0.333                      
Irkutsk       11:11:53  12:09:49  13:03:58  0.562                      
Kazan'        10:39:54  11:43:08  12:42:19  0.293                      
Kaliningrad   09:49:53  10:54:46  11:59:56  0.262                      
Kansk         11:04:22  12:05:32  13:02:32  0.563                      
Kemerovo      11:05:50  12:07:10  13:04:00  0.485                      
Kirov         10:32:29  11:39:44  12:42:50  0.362                      
Krasnoyarsk    11:04:46  12:06:05  13:03:08  0.541                     
Kursk         10:33:14  11:26:49  12:18:09  0.160                      
Kyzyl         11:15:02  12:12:59  13:06:48  0.481                      
Lipeck        10:36:19  11:32:32  12:25:55  0.187                      
Magnitogorsk  10:59:07  11:58:04  12:52:36  0.279                      
Mirnyi        10:49:27  11:51:16  12:49:54  0.758                      
Moskva        10:22:15  11:26:15  12:27:24  0.267                      
Murmansk      09:57:19  11:11:45  12:24:42  0.584                      
Naberezhnye                      
Chelny         10:44:12  11:47:09  12:45:47  0.302                      
Nizhnevartovsk 10:48:27  11:54:48  12:56:35  0.529                      
Nizhnii                      
Novgorod      10:31:07  11:35:34  12:36:23  0.292                      
Nizhnii Tagil  10:45:18  11:50:53  12:51:48  0.385                      
Novokuzneck   11:10:07  12:10:02  13:05:31  0.464                      
Novosibirsk   11:06:07  12:07:21  13:04:01  0.458                     
Noril'sk      10:33:24  11:41:15  12:45:38  0.717                      
Omsk          11:03:09  12:04:41  13:01:31  0.396                      
Orenburg      11:01:44  11:56:42  12:47:48  0.219                      
Orel          10:28:15  11:25:44  12:20:50  0.192                      
Orsk          11:07:25  12:01:28  12:51:32  0.222                      
Penza         10:43:08  11:40:56  12:35:14  0.215                      
Perm'         10:41:37  11:47:33  12:48:58  0.371                      
Petrozavodsk  10:05:02  11:17:04  12:26:50  0.418                      
Pskov         10:00:56  11:09:35  12:16:50  0.323                      
Rostov-             
na-Donu       11:09:34  11:38:09  12:05:57  0.041                      
Rubcovsk      11:15:32  12:13:10  13:06:22  0.381                      
Ryazan'        10:29:21  11:30:48  12:29:09  0.240                      
Samara        10:50:24  11:48:19  12:42:24  0.232                      
Sankt-                     
Peterburg     10:01:24  11:12:14  12:21:22  0.373                      
Saratov       10:51:37  11:44:43  12:34:39  0.175                      
Smolensk      10:14:18  11:17:04  12:17:49  0.241                      
Surgut        10:46:06  11:53:03  12:55:24  0.517                     
Susuman       10:37:08  11:34:37  (11:55)   0.930                      
Syktyvkar     10:26:23  11:36:28  12:42:34  0.438                      
Tiksi         10:29:58  11:32:34  12:33:05  0.900                      
Tobol'sk      10:50:55  11:56:07  12:56:33  0.432                      
Tomsk         11:02:37  12:04:58  13:02:46  0.499                      
Tula          10:26:58  11:27:35  12:25:28  0.226                      
Tynda         10:59:11  11:56:45  (12:14)   0.738                      
Ulan-Ude      11:11:49  12:09:16  (13:02)   0.579                      
Ul'yanovsk     10:43:54  11:44:18  12:40:51  0.254                      
Urengoi       10:37:21  11:45:49  12:50:14  0.624                      
Ufa           10:51:27  11:52:40  12:49:30  0.294                      
Chelyabinsk     10:55:05  11:56:59  12:54:17  0.331                      
Chita          11:09:20  12:06:28  (12:40)   0.624                      
Yakutsk        10:46:05  11:45:37  12:42:36  0.837                     
Yaroslavl'     10:21:15  11:28:09  12:31:52  0.317                     
                     

Poleznye ssylki o solnechnyh zatmeniyah s rekomendaciyami k nablyudeniyam

http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1212431 (kniga o solnechnom zatmenii)

http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1211545 (zatmenie 2006 goda)

http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1228001 (zatmenie 2008 goda)

http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1235442 (zatmenie 2009 goda)

http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1228557 (nomer zhurnala "Nebosvod", posvyashennyi zatmeniyu 2008 goda)

http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1330577 (zatmenie 2015 goda)

http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1355028 (zatmenie 2016 goda)

http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1379306 (zatmenie 2017 goda)

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!


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