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Yuzhnyi Krest nad chiliiskim vulkanom
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Yuzhnyi Krest nad chiliiskim vulkanom
Avtory i prava: Tomash Slovinski
Perevod: D.Yu.Cvetkov
Poyasnenie: Videli li vy Yuzhnyi Krest? Etu znamenituyu figuru iz chetyreh zvezd luchshe vidno iz yuzhnogo polushariya Zemli. Izobrazhenie bylo polucheno v proshlom mesyace v Chili, na nem Yuzhnyi Krest zapechatlen levee izvergayushegosya vulkana Villarika – odnogo iz samyh aktivnyh vulkanov v nashei Solnechnoi sisteme. Prodolzhenie linii, soedinyayushei samuyu krasnuyu zvezdu Kresta – Gakruks i ego samuyu yarkuyu zvezdu – Akruks, ukazyvaet na samoe yuzhnoe mesto neba – yuzhnyi polyus mira. Pri vrashenii Zemli kazhetsya, chto vse yuzhnye zvezdy obrashayutsya vokrug etoi tochki. V nashe vremya okolo yuzhnogo polyusa mira net yarkih zvezd, v to vremya kak okolo severnogo polyusa mira raspolozhena yarkaya Polyarnaya zvezda. Esli prodolzhit' eshe dal'she liniyu, soedinyayushuyu Gakruks i Akruks (chtoby ona stala ot chetryh do semi raz dlinnee uglovogo rasstoyaniya mezhdu etimi zvezdami), to ona proidet okolo Malogo Magellanova Oblaka – yarkoi galaktiki-sputnika nashego Mlechnogo Puti. Asterizm Yuzhnyi Krest dominiruet v sozvezdii Yuzhnyi Krest, kotoroe soderzhit i bolee slabye zvezdy, vklyuchaya chetyre peremennye zvezdy – cefeidy, vidimye nevooruzhennym glazom. Pryamo nad vulkanom nahoditsya tumannost' Ugol'nyi Meshok, kotoraya vyglyadit kak oblako dyma, a vverhu sleva vidna bol'shaya krasnaya tumannost' Kilya, v kotoroi formiruyutsya zvezdy.

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Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff (MTU) & Jerry Bonnell (USRA)
NASA Web Site Statements, Warnings, and Disclaimers
NASA Official: Jay Norris. Specific rights apply.
A service of: LHEA at NASA / GSFC
& Michigan Tech. U.

English text
Po materialam Astronomy Picture Of the Day
Publikacii s klyuchevymi slovami: Southern Cross - Yuzhnyi Krest
Publikacii so slovami: Southern Cross - Yuzhnyi Krest
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