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Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 18 po 24 maya 2020 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 18 po 24 maya 2020 goda
3.04.2020 5:55 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele 18 maya Luna (F= 0,17-) okazhetsya v apogee svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 405580 km ot centra Zemli, a dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda S Devy dostignet maksimuma bleska (6m). 20 maya Luna (F= 0,05-) proidet yuzhnee Urana, a 22 maya Merkurii proidet graduse yuzhnee Venery. V etot zhe den' Luna (F= 0,01-) proidet yuzhnee Pleyad, a 23 maya pri faze 0,01+ okazhetsya severnee Al'debarana. 24 maya dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda V Raka dostignet maksimuma bleska (7m), a Luna (F= 0,02+) proidet yuzhnee Venery i Merkuriya bliz voshodyashego uzla svoei orbity.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy uvelichivaetsya do 56 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote - do 16 chasov 50 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca umen'shaetsya do 31,57 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Tel'ca. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu novoluniya 22 maya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Ryb, Ovna, Tel'ca i Bliznecov, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,2- do 0, a zatem do 0,05+ i uvelichivaya sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Kita, a 19 maya snova pereidet v sozvezdie Ryb, nablyudayas' na utrennem nebe nevysoko nad gorizontom. 20 maya Luna eshe raz posetit sozvezdie Kita, pereidya v etot zhe den' v sozvezdie Ovna, gde probudet do 21 maya, pereidya v etot den' v sozvezdie Tel'ca. V etom sozvezdii 22 maya nastupit novolunie, i Luna pereidet na vechernee nebo. Tonkii molodoi mesyac budet nablyudat'sya na fone vechernei zari, 23 maya proidya yuzhnee Merkuriya, a 24 maya - yuzhnee Venery. Fazy Luny na dannoe vremya i na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii i Venera vidny na vechernem nebe, a Mars, Uran i Neptun imeyut utrennyuyu vidimost'. Yupiter i Saturn nablyudayutsya noch'yu i utrom, Podrobnye efemeridy i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet dayutsya v pechatnoi versii AK_2020 na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1364099 . Efemeridy Solnca, Luny i planet na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya takzhe na http://astropixels.com/ .

Iz komet hvostatye strannicy PANSTARRS (C/2017 T2) i ATLAS (C/2019 Y1) nablyudayutsya v sozvezdii Bol'shoi Medvedicy s bleskom okolo 9m. ATLAS (C/2019 Y4) dvizhetsya po sozvezdiyu Perseya pri bleske okolo 9m. Kometa SWAN (C/2020 F8) peremeshaetsya po sozvezdiyam Treugol'nika i Perseya pri bleske 4m. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na mai, a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2020 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkoi na dannoi nedele budet Vesta (8,4m) v sozvezdii Tel'ca.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd (po dannym AAVSO), nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: S Devy 7,0m - 18 maya, R Yuzhnoi Ryby 9,2m - 19 maya, Z Orla 9,0m - 22 maya, V Raka 7,9m - 24 maya.

Nekotorye blizkie pary svetil: Luna - Uran, Luna - Pleyady, Luna - Giady, Luna - Al'debaran, Merkurii - Giady, Venera - Merkurii, Yupiter - Saturn, Uran - al'fa Ovna, Neptun - fi Vodoleya, Venera - Giady, komety PANSTARRS (C/2017 T2) i ATLAS (C/2019 Y1).

Obzor tumannyh nebesnyh ob'ektov mesyaca - v zhurnale Nebosvod . Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Svedeniya ob astronomicheskih yavleniyah proshlogo i tekushego stoletii mozhno naiti v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Tel'ca. Merkurii nablyudaetsya na fone vechernei zari u zapadnogo gorizonta nedaleko ot zvezdnogo skopleniya Giady. Uglovye razmery Merkuriya sostavlyaet okolo 6 sekund dugi pri bleske okolo -1m. Faza umen'shaetsya do 0,6. Pri nablyudenii v teleskop planeta imeet vid nebol'shogo ovala bez detalei. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 1,17 do 1,03 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2020 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2020 god . Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2020.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Tel'ca. Venera nablyudaetsya po vecheram nad zapadnym gorizontom v vide samoi yarkoi zvezdy neba. Blagodarya svoei yarkosti planeta mozhet byt' naidena dazhe dnem nevooruzhennym glazom (posle poludnya). Elongaciya planety bystro umen'shaetsya ot 25 do 15 gradusov za nedelyu. Vidimyi diametr Venery uvelichivaetsya ot 50,7 do 55,1 uglovyh sekund, a blesk sostavlyaet okolo -4,2m pri faze okolo 0,05. V teleskop planeta vidna v vide serpa bez kakih-libo detalei na poverhnosti. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi umen'shaetsya ot 0,33 do 0,30 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2020.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya. Mars imeet utrennyuyu vidimost' i viden utrom nad vostochnym gorizontom. Blesk planety sostavlyaet okolo +0,0m, a vidimyi diametr - okolo 9 sekund dugi. V teleskop viden krohotnyi disk, na kotorom v dostatochno sil'nye lyubitel'skie teleskopy mozhno rassmotret' krupneishie detali poverhnosti. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 1,10 do 1,05 a.e.. 13 oktyabrya 2020 goda nastupit protivostoyanie (blizkoe k velikomu) planety (Astronomicheskii kalendar' na 2020 god). Vidimyi diametr Marsa v period protivostoyaniya prevysit 22 uglovye sekundy pri horoshei vidimosti s territorii nashei strany. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2020.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Yupiter nablyudaetsya na nochnom i utrennem nebe bliz Saturna. Vyshe 69 paralleli Yupiter ne voshodit voobshe. Uglovoi diametr planety uvelichivaetsya ot 43 do 44 sekund dugi pri bleske yarche -2m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli 4,59 - 4,50 a.e.. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali. Pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi mozhno budet nablyudat' po mere otdaleniya Yupitera ot Solnca na nebesnoi sfere. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na mai . Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2020.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta imeet popyatnoe dvizhenie, peremeshayas' po sozvezdiyu Kozeroga. Saturn imeet nochnuyu i utrennyuyu vidimost', a nablyudat' ego mozhno bliz Yupitera. Vyshe 70 paralleli Saturn voobshe ne viden. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,4m, a uglovoi diametr sostavlyaet okolo 17,5 sekund dugi. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno nablyudat' kol'co planety i samyi yarkii sputnik Titan (8m). Drugie otnositel'no yarkie sputniki Saturna mozhno budet nablyudat' po mere uluchsheniya vidimost' planety v teleskopy s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 100 mm. Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna umen'shaetsya ot 9,54 do 9,44 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2020.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +5,8, d= 3,4 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ovna (bliz zvezdy omikron Psc (4,2m)). Uran imeet utrennyuyu vidimost', no usloviya nablyudenii ego v srednih shirotah daleki ot ideal'nyh. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom umen'shaetsya za nedelyu ot 20,75 do 20,71 . Disk planety v periody vidimosti razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 80 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2020.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +7,9, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya bliz zvezdy fi Aqr (4,2m).. Neptun nahoditsya na utrennem nebe. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom umen'shaetsya ot 30,31 do 30,20 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2020.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca na rasstoyanii okolo 34 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - v zhurnale Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

  
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)   r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.  
Cerera (1)  
21 May 2020  22h48m16.59s  -17 22.823'  2.972   2.913  9.1  83.4  34.08  83.1 Aqr  
26 May 2020  22h52m50.58s  -17 15.876'  2.973   2.847  9.0  87.1  31.64  84.9 Aqr  
Pallada (2)  
21 May 2020  19h37m05.74s  +19 38.630'  3.324   2.809  9.9 112.0  19.64 339.2 Vul  
26 May 2020  19h35m51.37s  +20 13.677'  3.329   2.768  9.9 115.3  19.67 327.6 Vul  
Vesta (4)  
21 May 2020   5h33m21.17s  +22 17.867'  2.559   3.453  8.4  23.7  63.63  84.3 Tau  
26 May 2020   5h42m31.23s  +22 29.413'  2.557   3.477  8.4  21.0  64.03  85.3 Tau  
Irida (7)  
21 May 2020  18h58m26.85s  -21 29.432'  2.710   1.884  9.9 136.5  12.73 288.0 Sgr  
26 May 2020  18h56m21.64s  -21 21.815'  2.701   1.831  9.8 141.8  17.45 282.2 Sgr  
Evnomiya (15)  
21 May 2020   3h17m52.16s  +25 37.253'  2.170   3.161  9.8   9.5  80.15  76.9 Ari  
26 May 2020   3h29m26.41s  +26 12.147'  2.173   3.159  9.8  11.0  79.80  77.9 Ari  
  
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,    
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),    
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),   
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie    

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2020 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii maya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na mai, Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2020 god, Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike i kalendare Salsky .

18 maya, 07 chasov 44 minuty - Luna (F= 0,17-) v apogee svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 405580 km ot centra Zemli.

19 maya, utro - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda S Devy bliz maksimuma bleska (6m).

20 maya, utro - Luna (F= 0,05-) bliz Urana.

21 maya i vsyu nedelyu, noch' - Komety PANSTARRS (C/2017 T2) i ATLAS (C/2019 Y1) v sblizhenii drug s drugom.

22 maya, 17 chasov 39 minut - Novolunie.

23 maya, vecher - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda V Raka bliz maksimuma bleska (7m).

24 maya, 21 chas 34 minuty - Luna (F= 0,05+) v voshodyashem uzle svoei orbity.

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Novosti nauki, Meteoveb, Mir astronomii i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid yugo-vostochnoi i yuzhnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 21 maya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yugo-vostochnoi i yuzhnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 21 maya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid zapadnoi i severo-zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 21 maya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

 

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N 05 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), Astronomicheskii kalendar'-spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda, http://www.calsky.com/ (on-lain kalendar'), http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


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