Rambler's Top100Astronet    
  po tekstam   po klyuchevym slovam   v glossarii   po saitam   perevod   po katalogu
 
Na saite
Astrometriya
Astronomicheskie instrumenty
Astronomicheskoe obrazovanie
Astrofizika
Istoriya astronomii
Kosmonavtika, issledovanie kosmosa
Lyubitel'skaya astronomiya
Planety i Solnechnaya sistema
Solnce

Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 23 po 29 marta 2020 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 23 po 29 marta 2020 goda
12.01.2020 6:01 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele 23 marta Luna (F= 0,02-) proidet bliz Neptuna, a 24 marta Merkurii dostignet maksimal'noi zapadnoi (utrennei) elongacii 28 gradusov. V etot zhe den' dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda R Strel'ca dostignet maksimuma bleska (6m), a Luna (F= 0,0) - apogeya svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 406690 km ot centra Zemli. 24 marta Venera proidet tochku maksimal'noi vostochnoi (vechernei) elongacii 46 gradusov, a 26 marta Luna (F= 0,05+) proidet yuzhnee Urana. 28 marta Luna (F= 0,14+) proidet yuzhnee Venery, a 29 marta dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda T Golubya dostignet maksimuma bleska (6,5m). V etot zhe den' proizoidet pokrytie Lunoi (F= 0,24+) zvezdy epsilon Tel'ca (3,5m) bliz Al'debarana pri vidimosti na Evropeiskoi chasti Rossii. Krome etogo, dlya lyubitel'skih instrumentov seichas dostupny tri komety (!) so zvezdnoi velichinoi yarche 9m. Eto komety: ATLAS (C/2019 Y4), PANSTARRS (C/2017 T2) i ATLAS (C/2019 Y1).

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy uvelichivaetsya do 37 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote - do 12 chasov 55 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca umen'shaetsya do 32,05 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Ryb. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu novoluniya 24 marta. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Vodoleya, Ryb, Ovna, Tel'ca, izmenyaya fazu ot 0 do 0,25+ i uvelichivaya sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Vodoleya, pereidya 23 marta v sozvezdie Ryb. 24 marta Luna primet zdes' fazu novoluniya, pereidya v etot zhe den' v sozvezdie Kita, gde 24 marta dostignet apogeya svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 406690 km ot centra Zemli. 25 marta Luna vnov' pereidet v sozvezdie Ryb, uvelichiv fazu do 0,02+. 26 marta serp Luny eshe raz voidet v sozvezdie Kita pri faze 0,05+ (yuzhnee Urana), a zatem ustremitsya k sozvezdiyu Ovna, dostignuv ego 27 marta pri faze 0,07+. 28 marta Luna (F= 0,14+) proidet bliz Venery, a zatem pri faze 0,15+ pereidet v sozvezdie Tel'ca i budet nablyudat'sya na vechernem nebe vysoko nad zapadnym i yugo-zapadnym gorizontom. V sozvezdii Tel'ca 29 marta rastushii serp (F= 0,2+) vtoroi raz za mesyac sblizitsya s Pleyadami i Giadami, a takzhe proidet severnee Al'debarana pri faze 0,25+, pokryv pered etim zvezdu epsilon Tel'ca (3,5m) pri vidimosti na Evropeiskoi chasti Rossii. Fazy Luny na dannoe vremya i na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii mozhno naiti na fone utrennei zari, Venera i Uran nablyudayutsya na vechernem nebe, a Mars, Yupiter i Saturn vidny v utrennie chasy. Neptun ne viden. Podrobnye efemeridy i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet dayutsya v pechatnoi versii AK_2020 na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1364099 . Efemeridy Solnca, Luny i planet na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya takzhe na http://astropixels.com/ .

Iz komet hvostataya strannica PANSTARRS (C/2017 T2) dvizhetsya po sozvezdiyu Kassiopei s bleskom okolo 9m, a novaya kometa ATLAS (C/2019 Y4) peremeshaetsya po sozvezdiyu Bol'shoi Medvedicy s bleskom yarche 9m, namnogo operezhaya raschetnyi. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na mart, a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2020 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkoi na dannoi nedele budet Vesta (8,4m) v sozvezdii Tel'ca.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd (po dannym AAVSO), nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: R Strel'ca 7,3m - 24 marta, V Bliznecov 8,5m - 25 marta, T Ovna 8,3m - 27 marta, S Kita 8,2m - 28 marta, V Tel'ca 9,2m - 28 marta, S Vesov 8,4m - 28 marta, T Golubya 7,5m - 29 marta.

Nekotorye blizkie pary svetil: Luna - Neptun, Luna - Uran, Luna - Venera, Luna - Pleyady, Luna - Giady, Luna - Al'debaran, Merkurii - Neptun, Mars - Yupiter - Saturn, Uran - al'fa Ovna, Neptun - fi Vodoleya, kometa PANSTARRS (C/2017 T2) - hi i ash Perseya.

Obzor tumannyh nebesnyh ob'ektov mesyaca - v zhurnale Nebosvod . Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Svedeniya ob astronomicheskih yavleniyah proshlogo i tekushego stoletii mozhno naiti v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya. Merkurii viden v luchah voshodyashego Solnca, no luchshe vsego v yuzhnyh shirotah strany. Dlya srednih i severnyh shirot strany dannaya utrennyaya vidimost' bystroi planety neblagopriyatna. Uglovye razmery Merkuriya umen'shayutsya ot 7,5 do 6,8 sekund dugi pri bleske, vozrastayushem ot +0,2m do +0,1m, i faze uvelichivayusheisya ot 0,5 do 0,6. Pri nablyudenii v teleskop planeta imeet vid nebol'shogo poludiska bez detalei. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei uvelichivaetsya ot 0,89 do 0,99 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2020 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2020 god . Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2020.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ovna. Venera nablyudaetsya na fone vechernih sumerek nad zapadnym gorizontom v vide samoi yarkoi zvezdy neba. Blagodarya svoei yarkosti planeta mozhet byt' naidena dazhe dnem nevooruzhennym glazom (posle poludnya). Elongaciya planety priderzhivaetsya znacheniya 46 gradusov. Vidimyi diametr Venery dostigaet 25 uglovyh sekund, a blesk sostavlyaet okolo -4,5m pri faze blizkoi k 0,5. V teleskop planeta vidna v vide poludiska bez kakih-libo detalei na poverhnosti. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi umen'shaetsya ot 0,72 do 0,67 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2020.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca okolo Yupitera i Saturna. Mars imeet utrennyuyu vidimost' i viden okolo dvuh chasov (na shirote Moskvy) na fone sumerek nad yugo-vostochnym gorizontom. Blesk planety sostavlyaet okolo 0,8m, a vidimyi diametr prevyshaet 6 sekund dugi. V teleskop viden krohotnyi disk, na kotorom v dostatochno sil'nye lyubitel'skie teleskopy mozhno rassmotret' krupneishie detali poverhnosti. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 1,53 do 1,48 a.e.. 13 oktyabrya 2020 goda nastupit protivostoyanie (blizkoe k velikomu) planety (Astronomicheskii kalendar' na 2020 god). Vidimyi diametr Marsa v period protivostoyaniya prevysit 22 uglovye sekundy pri horoshei vidimosti s territorii nashei strany. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2020.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Yupiter nablyudaetsya na utrennem nebe bliz Marsa i Saturna. Vyshe 69 paralleli Yupiter ne voshodit voobshe. Uglovoi diametr planety uvelichivaetsya ot 36,1 do 36,8 sekund dugi pri bleske -2m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli 5,46 - 5,35 a.e.. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali. Pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi mozhno budet nablyudat' po mere otdaleniya Yupitera ot Solnca na nebesnoi sfere. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na mart. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2020.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta imeet pryamoe dvizhenie, peremeshayas' po sozvezdiyu Kozeroga. Saturn imeet utrennyuyu vidimost', nablyudat' ego mozhno na fone zari bliz Yupitera i Marsa. Vyshe 70 paralleli Saturn voobshe ne viden. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,6m, a uglovoi diametr sostavlyaet okolo 16 sekund dugi. V nebol'shoi teleskop v periody vidimosti mozhno nablyudat' kol'co planety i samyi yarkii sputnik Titan (8m). Drugie otnositel'no yarkie sputniki Saturna mozhno budet nablyudat' po mere uluchsheniya vidimost' planety v teleskopy s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 100 mm. Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna umen'shaetsya ot 10,44 do 10,33 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2020.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +5,8, d= 3,4 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ovna (bliz zvezdy omikron Psc (4,2m)). Uran nablyudaetsya po vecheram. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom uvelichivaetsya za nedelyu ot 20,65 do 20,70. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 80 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2020.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +7,9, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya bliz zvezdy fi Aqr (4,2m).. Neptun nahoditsya na utrennem nebe, no v srednih shirotah strany planetu mozhno budet nablyudat' s aprelya mesyaca. V periody vidimosti disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom umen'shaetsya ot 30,88 do 30,86 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2020.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca (levee trio zvezd pi, omikron i ksi Sgr) na rasstoyanii okolo 34 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - v zhurnale Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

     
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)   r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.     
Cerera (1)     
26 Mar 2020  21h39m33.30s  -20 42.941'  2.955   3.567  9.3  45.5  52.35  77.0 Cap     
31 Mar 2020  21h46m44.55s  -20 19.601'  2.957   3.519  9.3  48.7  51.26  77.0 Cap     
Yunona (3)     
26 Mar 2020  13h06m59.47s  + 0 49.639'  3.040   2.058  9.6 167.9  35.93 306.8 Vir     
31 Mar 2020  13h03m05.26s  + 1 32.305'  3.050   2.058  9.5 171.6  36.36 305.4 Vir     
Vesta (4)     
26 Mar 2020   3h59m26.36s  +18 02.261'  2.570   2.992  8.4  56.0  54.95  73.5 Tau     
31 Mar 2020   4h06m56.41s  +18 32.871'  2.569   3.046  8.4  52.9  56.17  74.5 Tau     
Evnomiya (15)     
26 Mar 2020   1h13m33.15s  +16 34.184'  2.151   3.066  9.9  19.5  81.28  69.4 Psc     
31 Mar 2020   1h24m11.07s  +17 30.952'  2.152   3.084  9.9  17.4  81.40  69.8 Psc     
Evterpa (27)     
26 Mar 2020  11h33m13.92s  + 5 55.312'  2.252   1.272  9.8 165.7  34.71 291.8 Leo     
31 Mar 2020  11h29m08.17s  + 6 19.201'  2.262   1.298  9.9 159.8  30.69 290.8 Leo     
     
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,       
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),       
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),      
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie       

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2020 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii marta mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na mart, Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2020 god, Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike i kalendare Salsky .

23 marta, utro - Luna (F= 0,02-) bliz Merkuriya i Neptuna.

24 marta, 09 chasov 28 minut - Novolunie.

25 marta, utro - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda R Strel'ca bliz maksimuma bleska (6m).

26 marta, vecher - Luna (F= 0,05+) bliz Urana.

27 marta i vsyu nedelyu, noch' - Kometa PANSTARRS (C/2017 T2) bliz zvezdnogo skopleniya hi i ash Perseya.

28 marta, vecher - Luna (F= 0,14+) bliz Venery.

29 marta, 18 chasov 45 minut - Pokrytie Lunoi (F= 0,24+)zvezdy epsilon Tel'ca (3,5m) pri vidimosti na Evropeiskoi chasti Rossii.

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Novosti nauki, Meteoveb, Mir astronomii i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 26 marta v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yugo-vostochnoi i yuzhnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 26 marta v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yugo-zapadnoi i zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 26 marta v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

 

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N 03 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), Astronomicheskii kalendar'-spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda, http://www.calsky.com/ (on-lain kalendar'), http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


Publikacii s klyuchevymi slovami: astronomicheskaya nedelya - lyubitel'skaya astronomiya - nebo - nevooruzhennym glazom
Publikacii so slovami: astronomicheskaya nedelya - lyubitel'skaya astronomiya - nebo - nevooruzhennym glazom
Sm. takzhe:
Vse publikacii na tu zhe temu >>

Ocenka: 5.0 [golosov: 2]
 
O reitinge
Versiya dlya pechati Raspechatat'

Astronet | Nauchnaya set' | GAISh MGU | Poisk po MGU | O proekte | Avtoram

Kommentarii, voprosy? Pishite: info@astronet.ru ili syuda

Rambler's Top100 Yandeks citirovaniya