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Solnce

Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 4 po 10 noyabrya 2019 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 4 po 10 noyabrya 2019 goda
1.11.2019 6:31 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele 7 noyabrya Luna (F= 0,75+) proidet bliz Neptuna okolo apogeya svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 405060 km ot centra Zemli, a 8 noyabrya dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda omikron Kita dostignet maksimuma bleska (3m). V etot zhe den' dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda V Kassiopei dostignet maksimuma bleska (7m), a 9 noyabrya Venera proidet v 4 gradusah severnee Antaresa. 10 noyabrya Mars proidet v 3 gradusah severnee Spiki. Krome etogo, v sozvezdii Shita otkryta novaya zvezda s bleskom okolo 8m. Podrobnee na Astroforume.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy umen'shaetsya do 17 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote - do 8 chasov 40 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca uvelichivaetsya do 32,30 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Vesov. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu pervoi chetverti 4 noyabrya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Kozeroga, Vodoleya, i Ryb, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,45+ do 0,95+ i uvelichivaya sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Kozeroga. Zdes' nochnoe svetilo 4 noyabrya primet fazu pervoi chetverti, a 5 noyabrya, pereidya v etot den' v sozvezdie Vodoleya pri faze 0,62+. Zdes' 7 noyabrya Luna (F= 0,75+) proidet yuzhnee Neptuna, a zatem pri faze 0,76+ dostignet apogeya svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 405060 km ot centra Zemli. 8 noyabrya yarkaya Luna (F= 0,83+) pereidet v sozvezdie Ryb, v etot zhe den' dostignuv sozvezdiya Kita pri faze 0,87+. 10 noyabrya Luna vnov' pereidet v sozvezdie Ryb uzhe pri faze 0,94+. Fazy Luny na dannoe vremya i na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii viden na fone vechernei zari v yuzhnyh raionah strany, a Veneru mozhno naiti posle zahoda Solnca prakticheski na vsei territorii strany. Mars nablyudaetsya po utram, a Yupiter i Saturn nahodyatsya na vechernem nebe. Uran i Neptun mozhno nablyudat' vsyu noch'. Podrobnye efemeridy i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet dayutsya v pechatnoi versii AK_2019 na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1364101 . Efemeridy planet na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya takzhe na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/ephemeris.html .

Iz komet hvostataya strannica C/2018 N2 ( ASASSN ) dvizhetsya po sozvezdiyu Andromedy (bliz M31) s bleskom okolo 11m. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na noyabr', a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkoi na dannoi nedele budet Vesta (6,5m) v sozvezdiyah Tel'ca i Kita.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd (po dannym AAVSO), nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: X Voznichego 8,6m - 4 noyabrya, RR Orla 9,0m - 6 noyabrya, o Kita 3,4m - 8 noyabrya, S Sekstanta 9,1m - 8 noyabrya, S Vodoleya 8,3m - 8 noyabrya, V Kassiopei 7,9m - 8 noyabrya, SS Gerkulesa 9,2m - 9 noyabrya, RR Pegasa 9,2m - 9 noyabrya.

Nekotorye blizkie pary svetil: Luna - Saturn, Luna - Neptun, Luna - Uran, Merkurii - Venera, Mars - Spika, Yupiter - Antares, Yupiter - Venera, Venera - Antares, Saturn - omikron Strel'ca, Uran - al'fa Ovna, Neptun - fi Vodoleya, Vesta - omikron Tel'ca, C/2018 N2 ( ASASSN ) - M31.

Obzor tumannyh nebesnyh ob'ektov mesyaca - v zhurnale Nebosvod . Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Eto interesno! Predydushee polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie imelo mesto: 4 noyabrya - v 1668 godu, 5 noyabrya - 0161 godu, 6 noyabrya - v 1771 godu, 7 noyabrya - v 0747 godu, 8 noyabrya - v 1798 godu, 9 noyabrya - v 1836 godu, 10 noyabrya - v 1444 godu. Bol'she vsego (za proshedshie dve tysyachi let) polnyh zatmenii v eti dni bylo 6 i 8 noyabrya (po 5 zatmenii), a men'she vsego 5 noyabrya (1 zatmenie). Your Guide to the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse

Svedeniya ob astronomicheskih yavleniyah proshlogo i tekushego stoletii mozhno naiti v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Vesov. Merkurii viden v luchah zahodyashego Solnca v yuzhnyh raionah strany, zakanchivaya vidimost' v seredine nedeli. V severnyh shirotah planeta zahodit vmeste s Solncem i dazhe ran'she ego. Elongaciya planety umen'shaetsya ot 16 do 2 gradusov. Uglovye razmery Merkuriya sostavlyayut 9 - 10 sekund dugi pri bleske 1m - 5m i faze 0,2 - 0. V teleskop mozhno uvidet' krohotnyi serp bez detalei. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 0,73 do 0,67 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2019 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god . 11 noyabrya 2019 goda Merkurii proidet po disku Solnca. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2019.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Skorpiona, 8 noyabrya perehodya v sozvezdie Zmeenosca. Venera imeet vechernyuyu vidimost' (posle zahoda Solnca u yugo-zapadnogo gorizonta). Blagodarya svoei yarkosti planeta mozhet byt' naidena i dnem nevooruzhennym glazom. Elongaciya planety uvelichivaetsya do 23 gradusov. Vidimyi diametr Venery sostavlyaet okolo 11 uglovyh sekund, a blesk imeet znachenie okolo -4m pri faze blizkoi k 0,95. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi umen'shaetsya ot 1,55 do 1,53 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2019.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Devy (bliz Spiki). Mars imeet utrennyuyu vidimost' i viden na fone zari u yugo-vostochnogo gorizonta. Blesk planety priderzhivaetsya znacheniya +1,7m, a vidimyi diametr sostavlyaet menee 4 sekund dugi. Eto samyi malen'kii vidimyi diametr iz vseh yarkih planet. V teleskop viden krohotnyi disk, na kotorom v dostatochno sil'nye lyubitel'skie teleskopy mozhno rassmotret' krupneishie detali poverhnosti. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 2,53 do 2,50 a.e.. Blizkoe k velikomu protivostoyanie planety nastupit 13 oktyabrya 2020 goda (Astronomicheskii kalendar' na 2020 god). Vidimyi diametr Marsa v period protivostoyaniya dostignet 22,6 uglovyh sekund! Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2019.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Zmeenosca bliz Antaresa. Yupiter nablyudaetsya na fone vechernei zari u yugo-zapadnogo gorizonta. Uglovoi diametr planety umen'shaetsya do 32,8 sekund dugi pri bleske -1,8m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli 5,93 - 6,00 a.e.. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali. Pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi imeyut neblagopriyatnuyu vidimost'. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na noyabr'. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2019.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta imeet pryamoe dvizhenie, peremeshayas' po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca bliz trio zvezd pi, omikron i ksi etogo sozvezdiya. Saturn mozhno nablyudat' na vechernem nebe. Vyshe 69 paralleli Saturn ne viden. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,5m, a uglovoi diametr sostavlyaet okolo 16 sekund dugi. V teleskop vidno kol'co planety i samyi yarkii sputnik Titan (8m). Drugie otnositel'no yarkie sputniki Saturna mozhno razglyadet' v teleskopy s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 100 mm. Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna uvelichivaetsya ot 10,43 do 10,53 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2019.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +5,8, d= 3,4 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Ovna (bliz zvezdy omikron Psc (4,2m)). Uran nablyudaetsya vsyu noch', t.k. proshel protivostoyanie s Solncem 28 oktyabrya. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom uvelichivaetsya za nedelyu ot 18,84 do 18,86 a.e.. V otsutstvii Luny i zasvetki pri prozrachnom nebe planetu mozhno naiti nevooruzhennym glazom. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 80 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2019.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +7,9, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) peremeshaetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya bliz zvezdy fi Aqr (4,2m). Neptun mozhno nablyudat' pochti vsyu noch'. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom uvelichivaetsya ot 29,36 do 29,46 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2019.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca (levee trio zvezd pi, omikron i ksi Sgr) na rasstoyanii okolo 34 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - v zhurnale Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

      
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)   r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.      
Cerera (1)      
 6 Nov 2019  17h41m57.72s  -26 15.304'  2.882   3.527  9.2  43.0  54.87  95.0 Oph      
11 Nov 2019  17h50m09.49s  -26 24.061'  2.886   3.575  9.2  39.9  55.66  94.1 Sgr      
Vesta (4)      
 6 Nov 2019   3h24m41.21s  + 8 42.089'  2.544   1.567  6.5 167.5  38.10 259.3 Tau      
11 Nov 2019   3h19m33.37s  + 8 28.842'  2.546   1.565  6.5 170.3  38.96 261.0 Cet      
Metida (9)      
 6 Nov 2019   1h56m16.93s  + 5 53.052'  2.147   1.174  8.8 165.0  35.64 264.5 Psc      
11 Nov 2019   1h51m43.60s  + 5 48.033'  2.143   1.187  8.9 159.3  32.32 267.2 Psc      
Evnomiya (15)      
 6 Nov 2019  21h09m18.12s  - 5 06.929'  2.262   1.947  9.6  95.1  38.75  77.2 Aqr      
11 Nov 2019  21h14m36.05s  - 4 48.424'  2.255   2.000  9.6  91.5  42.55  76.5 Aqr      
Amfitrita (29)      
 6 Nov 2019   0h46m14.68s  +10 16.981'  2.395   1.478  9.3 151.3  23.82 254.5 Psc      
11 Nov 2019   0h43m27.87s  +10 05.485'  2.393   1.510  9.4 145.6  18.69 254.3 Psc      
      
      
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,        
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),        
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),       
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie        

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2019 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii noyabrya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na noyabr', Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god, Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike i kalendare Salsky .

04 noyabrya, 10 chasov 22 minuty - Luna v faze pervoi chetverti.

05 noyabrya i vsyu nedelyu, vecher - Merkurii nahoditsya bliz Venery.

06 noyabrya i vsyu nedelyu, noch' - Kometa C/2018 N2 ( ASASSN ) nahoditsya bliz M31.

07 noyabrya, 08 chasov 37 minut - Luna (F= 0,76+) v apogee svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 405060 km ot centra Zemli.

08 noyabrya, noch' - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda omikron Kita dostigaet maksimuma bleska (3m).

09 noyabrya, vecher - Venera prohodit v 4 gradusah severnee Antaresa.

10 noyabrya, utro - Mars prohodit v 3 gradusah severnee Spiki.

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Novosti nauki, Meteoveb, Mir astronomii i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 7 noyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 7 noyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yuzhnoi i yugo-zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 7 noyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

 

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N 11 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), http://saros70.narod.ru/ (kalendar'), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 (Astronomicheskii kalendar' spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda), http://www.calsky.com/ (on-lain kalendar'), http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


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