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Astronomicheskaya nedelya so 2 po 8 sentyabrya 2019 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya so 2 po 8 sentyabrya 2019 goda
30.07.2019 5:49 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele 2 sentyabrya Mars vstupit v soedinenie s Solncem. 3 sentyabrya Merkurii proidet v 0,6 gr. severnee Marsa, a 4 sentyabrya dostignet verhnego soedineniya s Solncem. 6 sentyabrya Luna v faze pervoi chetverti proidet severnee Yupitera, a na sleduyushii den' dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda R Andromedy dostignet maksimuma bleska (6m). 8 sentyabrya Luna (F= 0,72+) proidet tochku maksimal'nogo skloneniya k yugu ot nebesnogo ekvatora, a takzhe pokroet (F= 0,73+) Saturn pri vidimosti v Afrike, Avstralii i akvatorii Indiiskogo okeana. V etot zhe den' Luna (F= 0,75+) dostignet nishodyashego uzla svoei orbity.Krome etogo, 6 sentyabrya Neptun sblizitsya so zvezdoi fi Vodoleya do 13 uglovyh sekund.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy umen'shaetsya do 39 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote - do 13 chasov 20 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca uvelichivaetsya do 31,75 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu L'va. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu pervoi chetverti 6 sentyabrya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Devy, Vesov, Skorpiona, Zmeenosca, i Strel'ca, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,1+ do 0,75+ i umen'shaya sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Devy. Proidya pri faze 0,13+ severnee zvezdy Spika 2 sentyabrya, molodoi mesyac 3 sentyabrya pokinet sozvezdie Devy, pereidya v sozvezdie Vesov pri faze 0,22+. Uvelichiv fazu do 0,41+ lunnyi serp 5 sentyabrya pereidet v sozvezdie Skorpiona, pereidya v etot zhe den' v sozvezdie Zmeenosca pri faze 0,45+, nablyudayas' na vechernem nebe nizko nad gorizontom levee Yupitera, s kotorym maksimal'no sblizitsya 6 sentyabrya pri faze 0,52+, prinyav pered etim fazu pervoi chetverti. 7 sentyabrya lunnyi oval (F= 0,6+) pereidet v sozvezdie Strel'ca, gde proidet tochku maksimal'nogo skloneniya k yugu ot nebesnogo ekvatora pri faze 0,72+ 8 sentyabrya. Cherez neskol'ko chasov posle etogo sobytiya nochnoe svetilo (F= 0,73+) pokroet Saturn pri vidimosti v Afrike, Avstralii i akvatorii Indiiskogo okeana. V etot zhe den' Luna proidet tochku nishodyashego uzla svoei orbity pri faze 0,75+. Fazy Luny na dannoe vremya i na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii, Venera i Mars ne vidny, a Yupiter i Saturn nablyudayutsya vecherom i noch'yu. Uran i Neptun nahodyatsya na nochnom nebe. Podrobnye efemeridy i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet dayutsya v pechatnoi versii AK_2019 na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1364101 . Efemeridy planet na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya takzhe na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/ephemeris.html .

Iz komet hvostataya strannica Africano (C/2018 W2) dvizhetsya po sozvezdiyu Perseya s bleskom okolo 10m. Kometa P/SOHO (P/2008 Y12) peremeshaetsya po sozvezdiyu Vesov s bleskom okolo 8m. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na sentyabr', a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkimi na dannoi nedele budut: Evnomiya (8,5m) v sozvezdii Vodoleya i Vesta (7,5m) v sozvezdii Tel'ca.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd (po dannym AAVSO), nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: Y Edinoroga 9,1m - 4 sentyabrya, R Mikroskopa 9,2m - 5 sentyabrya, X Del'fina 9,0m - 5 sentyabrya, Z Orla 9,0m - 6 sentyabrya, R Andromedy 6,9m - 7 sentyabrya, R Golubya 8,9m - 7 sentyabrya, SS Zmeenosca 8,7m - 8 sentyabrya.

Nekotorye blizkie pary svetil: Luna - Spika, Luna - Antares, Luna - Yupiter, Merkurii Regul, Yupiter - Antares, Saturn - omikron Strel'ca, Uran - al'fa Ovna, Neptun - fi Vodoleya, Africano (C/2018 W2) - al'fa Perseya, P/SOHO (P/2008 Y12) ipsilon Vesov.

Obzor tumannyh nebesnyh ob'ektov mesyaca - v zhurnale Nebosvod . Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Eto interesno! Predydushee polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie imelo mesto: 2 sentyabrya - v 1160 godu, 3 sentyabrya - 1690 godu, 4 sentyabrya - v 1728 godu, 5 sentyabrya - v 0248 godu, 6 sentyabrya - v 1755 godu, 7 sentyabrya - v 1858 godu, 8 sentyabrya - v 1885 godu. Bol'she vsego (za proshedshie dve tysyachi let) polnyh zatmenii v eti dni bylo 4 sentyabrya (7 zatmenii), a men'she vsego - 5 sentyabrya (1 zatmenie). Your Guide to the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse

Svedeniya ob astronomicheskih yavleniyah proshlogo i tekushego stoletii mozhno naiti v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu L'va. Merkurii prohodit verhnee soedinenie s Solncem i perehodit na vechernee nebo 4 sentyabrya. Elongaciya planety k koncu nedeli uvelichivaetsya do 4 gradusov. Planeta ne vidna. Uglovye razmery Merkuriya sostavlyayut okolo 5 sekund dugi pri bleske, kotoryi umen'shaetsya za nedelyu ot -1,7m do -1,4m i faze 1,0 - 0,99. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei uvelichivaetsya ot 1,36 do 1,38 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2019 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god . 11 noyabrya 2019 goda Merkurii proidet po disku Solnca. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2019.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu L'va. Venera imeet vechernyuyu vidimost', no na fone zari poyavitsya v srednih shirotah lish' v konce mesyaca. Elongaciya planety uvelichivaetsya do 7 gradusov. Vidimyi diametr Venery sostavlyaet okolo 10 uglovyh sekund, a blesk imeet znachenie okolo -4m pri faze blizkoi k 1,0. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi priderzhivaetsya znacheniya 1,7 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2019.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu L'va. Mars ne viden. Blesk planety priderzhivaetsya znacheniya +1,7m, a vidimyi diametr sostavlyaet menee 4 sekund dugi. Eto samyi malen'kii vidimyi diametr iz vseh yarkih planet. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei priderzhivaetsya znacheniya 2,67 a.e.. 27 iyulya 2018 goda Mars proshel velikoe protivostoyanie. Stat'ya ob etom astronomicheskom sobytii imeetsya v zhurnale Nebosvod za yanvar' 2018 goda i na Astronet. Sleduyushee protivostoyanie, blizkoe k velikomu, proizoidet 13 oktyabrya 2020 goda (Astronomicheskii kalendar' na 2020 god). Vidimyi diametr Marsa v period protivostoyaniya budet dostigat' 22,6 uglovyh sekund! Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2019.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Zmeenosca bliz Antaresa. Yupiter nablyudaetsya vecherom i noch'yu. Eto samyi blagopriyatnyi period v godu dlya nablyudenii planety, hotya Yupiter kul'miniruet v srednih shirotah nevysoko nad gorizontom, a vyshe severnogo polyarnogo kruga sovsem ne viden. Uglovoi diametr planety umen'shaetsya do 38,0 sekund dugi pri bleske -2,1m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli 5,07- 5,17 a.e.. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali, a takzhe pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na sentyabr'. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2019.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta peremeshaetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Saturn mozhno nablyudat' na vechernem i nochnom nebe. Vyshe 69 paralleli Saturn ne viden. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,3m, a uglovoi diametr sostavlyaet okolo 17,5 sekund dugi. V teleskop vidno kol'co planety i samyi yarkii sputnik Titan (8m). Drugie otnositel'no yarkie sputniki Saturna mozhno razglyadet' v teleskopy s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 100 mm. Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna uvelichivaetsya ot 9,43 do 9,53 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2019.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +5,8, d= 3,4 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Ovna (bliz zvezdy omikron Psc (4,2m)). Uran nablyudaetsya pochti vsyu noch'. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom umen'shaetsya za nedelyu ot 19,26 do 19,17 a.e.. V otsutstvii Luny i zasvetki pri prozrachnom nebe planetu mozhno naiti nevooruzhennym glazom. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 80 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2019.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +7,9, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) peremeshaetsya opyatno po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya bliz zvezdy fi Aqr (4,2m). Neptun mozhno nablyudat' vsyu noch'. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom umen'shaetsya ot 28,93 do 28,92 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2019.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca (levee trio zvezd pi, omikron i ksi Sgr) na rasstoyanii okolo 34 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - v zhurnale Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

  
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)   r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.  
Cerera (1)  
 1 Sep 2019  16h14m16.21s  -22 27.783'  2.837   2.692  8.8  87.7  33.64 108.7 Sco  
 6 Sep 2019  16h19m04.17s  -22 49.257'  2.840   2.763  8.9  84.0  36.17 107.2 Sco  
Pallada (2)  
 1 Sep 2019  14h34m52.72s  +12 45.734'  2.881   3.285 10.0  58.1  50.20 115.1 Boo  
 6 Sep 2019  14h41m10.57s  +12 03.524'  2.893   3.342 10.0  55.5  51.24 114.1 Boo  
Vesta (4)  
 1 Sep 2019   3h40m46.92s  +11 13.920'  2.507   2.089  7.7 102.3  23.04  90.6 Tau  
 6 Sep 2019   3h43m37.96s  +11 12.304'  2.510   2.031  7.6 106.4  18.87  94.2 Tau  
Metida (9)  
 1 Sep 2019   2h30m06.38s  + 7 51.602'  2.217   1.532 10.0 120.1  14.64  82.4 Cet  
 6 Sep 2019   2h31m42.47s  + 7 53.982'  2.211   1.478  9.9 124.5   9.20  87.3 Cet  
Evnomiya (15)  
 1 Sep 2019  21h00m09.49s  - 5 57.788'  2.372   1.416  8.5 155.4  29.78 267.9 Aqr  
 6 Sep 2019  20h56m27.36s  - 6 00.218'  2.363   1.435  8.6 150.1  25.35 267.0 Aqr  
Amfitrita (29)  
 1 Sep 2019   1h34m51.90s  +11 53.776'  2.430   1.639  9.7 131.7   8.45 314.6 Psc  
 6 Sep 2019   1h33m41.52s  +12 03.912'  2.427   1.593  9.6 136.7  11.98 290.4 Psc  
Laetitia (39)  
 1 Sep 2019  21h27m56.46s  -11 57.780'  2.516   1.536  9.6 162.3  31.67 228.9 Cap  
 6 Sep 2019  21h24m53.19s  -12 38.362'  2.513   1.555  9.7 156.6  28.60 226.5 Aqr  
  
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,    
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),    
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),   
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie    

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2019 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii sentyabrya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na sentyabr', Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god, Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike i kalendare Salsky .

02 sentyabrya, 10 chasov 00 minut - Mars v soedinenii s Solncem.

03 sentyabrya, 16 chasov 00 minut - Merkurii prohodit v 0,6 gr. severnee Marsa.

04 sentyabrya, 02 chasa 00 minut - Merkurii v verhnem soedinenii s Solncem.

05 sentyabrya i vsyu nedelyu, sumerki - Vozmozhnost' poyavleniya serebristyh oblakov.

06 sentyabrya, 03 chasa 10 minut - Luna v faze pervoi chetverti.

07 sentyabrya, noch' - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda R Andromedy bliz maksimuma bleska (6m).

08 sentyabrya, 17 chasov 35 minut - Luna (F= 0,75+) v nishodyashem uzle svoei orbity.

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Starlab, Meteoveb, Bol'shaya Vselennaya i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 5 sentyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 5 sentyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yuzhnoi i yugo-zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 5 sentyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

 

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N9 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), http://saros70.narod.ru/ (kalendar'), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 (Astronomicheskii kalendar' spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda), http://www.calsky.com/ (on-lain kalendar'), http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


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