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Solnce

Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 16 po 22 sentyabrya 2019 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 16 po 22 sentyabrya 2019 goda
13.09.2019 6:10 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele 16 sentyabrya dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda R Kassiopei dostignet maksimuma bleska (6m), a 17 sentyabrya Luna (F= 0,9-) proidet yuzhnee Urana. 18 sentyabrya Saturn proidet tochku stoyaniya s perehodom k pryamomu dvizheniyu, a 19 sentyabrya dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda U Gerkulesa dostignet maksimuma bleska (6,5m). 20 sentyabrya Luna (F= 0,64-) proidet severnee Al'debarana, a 21 sentyabrya proizoidet pokrytie Lunoi (F= 0,53-) zvezdy dzeta Tel'ca (3,0m) pri vidimosti v Sibiri i na Dal'nem Vostoke. 22 sentyabrya dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda R Gidry dostignet maksimuma bleska (3,5m).

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy umen'shaetsya do 37 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote - do 12 chasov 50 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca uvelichivaetsya do 31,81 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu L'va. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu poslednei chetverti 22 sentyabrya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Ryb, Ovna, Tel'ca i Bliznecov, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,95- do 0,4- i uvelichivaya sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Ryb. 17 sentyabrya pri faze 0,9- Luna posetit sozvezdie Kita, gde v etot den' proidet yuzhnee Urana. 18 sentyabrya Luna (F= 0,85-) dostignet sozvezdiya Ovna, a 19 sentyabrya pereidet sozvezdie Tel'ca pri faze 0,77-. Zdes' 20 sentyabrya pri faze 0,64- lunnyi oval proidet severnee Al'debarana. 22 sentyabrya stareyushii serp dostignet sozvezdiya Oriona, umen'shiv fazu do 0,5- i prinyav fazu poslednei chetverti. V etot zhe den' Luna pereidet v sozvezdie Bliznecov. Fazy Luny na dannoe vremya i na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii i Venera vidny na fone vechernei zari v yuzhnyh raionah strany. Mars ne viden, a Yupiter i Saturn nablyudayutsya vecherom i noch'yu. Uran i Neptun nahodyatsya na nochnom nebe. Podrobnye efemeridy i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet dayutsya v pechatnoi versii AK_2019 na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1364101 . Efemeridy planet na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya takzhe na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/ephemeris.html .

Iz komet hvostataya strannica Africano (C/2018 W2) dvizhetsya po sozvezdiyu Andromedy s bleskom okolo 10m. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na sentyabr', a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkimi na dannoi nedele budut: Evnomiya (8,8m) v sozvezdii Vodoleya i Vesta (7,4m) v sozvezdii Tel'ca.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd (po dannym AAVSO), nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: W Voznichego 9,2m - 16 sentyabrya, R Kassiopei 7,0m - 16 sentyabrya, S Vesov 8,4m - 17 sentyabrya, U Gerkulesa 7,5m - 19 sentyabrya, T Eridana 8,0m - 21 sentyabrya, R Gidry 4,5m - 22 sentyabrya, R Gerkulesa 8,8m - 22 sentyabrya.

Nekotorye blizkie pary svetil: Luna - Uran, Luna - Al'debaran, Merkurii - Venera, Yupiter - Antares, Saturn - omikron Strel'ca, Uran - al'fa Ovna, Neptun - fi Vodoleya, Africano (C/2018 W2) - al'fa Andromedy, P/SOHO (P/2008 Y12) al'fa Vesov.

Obzor tumannyh nebesnyh ob'ektov mesyaca - v zhurnale Nebosvod . Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Eto interesno! Predydushee polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie imelo mesto: 16 sentyabrya - v 1773 godu, 17 sentyabrya - 1876 godu, 18 sentyabrya - v 1400 godu, 19 sentyabrya - v 1419 godu, 20 sentyabrya - v 1001 godu, 21 sentyabrya - v 1941 godu, 22 sentyabrya - v 1968 godu. Bol'she vsego (za proshedshie dve tysyachi let) polnyh zatmenii v eti dni bylo 17, 21 i 22 sentyabrya (po 6 zatmenii), a men'she vsego - 19 sentyabrya (1 zatmenie). Your Guide to the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse

Svedeniya ob astronomicheskih yavleniyah proshlogo i tekushego stoletii mozhno naiti v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Devy. Merkurii viden na fone vechernei zari v yuzhnyh raionah strany. Elongaciya planety k koncu nedeli uvelichivaetsya do 15 gradusov. Uglovye razmery Merkuriya sostavlyayut okolo 5 sekund dugi pri bleske, kotoryi umen'shaetsya za nedelyu ot -0,7m do -0,4m i faze 0,95 - 0,9. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 1,38 do 1,34 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2019 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god . 11 noyabrya 2019 goda Merkurii proidet po disku Solnca. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2019.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Devy. Venera imeet vechernyuyu vidimost', i vidna v yuzhnyh raionah strany v luchah zahodyashego Solnca. Elongaciya planety uvelichivaetsya do 11 gradusov. Vidimyi diametr Venery sostavlyaet okolo 10 uglovyh sekund, a blesk imeet znachenie okolo -4m pri faze blizkoi k 1,0. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi umen'shaetsya ot 1,7 do 1,68 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2019.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu L'va. Mars ne viden. Blesk planety priderzhivaetsya znacheniya +1,7m, a vidimyi diametr sostavlyaet menee 4 sekund dugi. Eto samyi malen'kii vidimyi diametr iz vseh yarkih planet. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 2,67 do 2,65 a.e.. Blizkoe k velikomu protivostoyanie planety nastupit 13 oktyabrya 2020 goda (Astronomicheskii kalendar' na 2020 god). Vidimyi diametr Marsa v period protivostoyaniya budet dostigat' 22,6 uglovyh sekund! Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2019.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Zmeenosca bliz Antaresa. Yupiter nablyudaetsya vecherom i noch'yu. Uglovoi diametr planety umen'shaetsya do 36,6 sekund dugi pri bleske -2,0m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli 5,28 - 5,39 a.e.. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali, a takzhe pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na sentyabr'. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2019.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta peremeshaetsya popyatno (18 sentyabrya menyaya dvizhenie na pryamoe) po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Saturn mozhno nablyudat' na vechernem i nochnom nebe. Vyshe 69 paralleli Saturn ne viden. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,4m, a uglovoi diametr sostavlyaet okolo 17 sekund dugi. V teleskop vidno kol'co planety i samyi yarkii sputnik Titan (8m). Drugie otnositel'no yarkie sputniki Saturna mozhno razglyadet' v teleskopy s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 100 mm. Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna uvelichivaetsya ot 9,64 do 9,75 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2019.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +5,8, d= 3,4 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Ovna (bliz zvezdy omikron Psc (4,2m)). Uran nablyudaetsya pochti vsyu noch'. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom umen'shaetsya za nedelyu ot 19,09 do 19,01 a.e.. V otsutstvii Luny i zasvetki pri prozrachnom nebe planetu mozhno naiti nevooruzhennym glazom. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 80 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2019.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +7,9, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) peremeshaetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya bliz zvezdy fi Aqr (4,2m). Neptun mozhno nablyudat' vsyu noch'. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom uvelichivaetsya 28,93 do 28,95 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2019.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca (levee trio zvezd pi, omikron i ksi Sgr) na rasstoyanii okolo 34 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - v zhurnale Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

  
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)   r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.  
Cerera (1)  
16 Sep 2019  16h29m47.53s  -23 31.468'  2.848   2.903  9.0  76.8  40.62 104.8 Oph  
21 Sep 2019  16h35m39.93s  -23 51.904'  2.851   2.972  9.0  73.3  42.60 103.7 Oph  
Pallada (2)  
16 Sep 2019  14h54m13.80s  +10 41.850'  2.915   3.448 10.0  50.5  53.03 112.0 Boo  
21 Sep 2019  15h00m57.95s  +10 02.636'  2.926   3.499 10.1  48.1  53.81 111.0 Boo  
Vesta (4)  
16 Sep 2019   3h47m30.96s  +11 02.411'  2.517   1.919  7.5 115.1  10.17 110.4 Tau  
21 Sep 2019   3h48m28.29s  +10 54.317'  2.520   1.866  7.4 119.7   6.37 135.6 Tau  
Metida (9)  
16 Sep 2019   2h32m40.32s  + 7 49.998'  2.199   1.380  9.6 133.9   3.29 223.0 Cet  
21 Sep 2019   2h31m58.18s  + 7 43.848'  2.194   1.335  9.5 138.9   9.07 245.7 Cet  
Evnomiya (15)  
16 Sep 2019  20h51m02.24s  - 6 05.395'  2.345   1.487  8.8 139.6  14.83 265.6 Aqr  
21 Sep 2019  20h49m26.01s  - 6 07.315'  2.336   1.519  8.9 134.5   9.09 265.2 Aqr  
Amfitrita (29)  
16 Sep 2019   1h29m15.09s  +12 13.418'  2.421   1.513  9.4 147.3  21.23 271.5 Psc  
21 Sep 2019   1h26m02.80s  +12 12.692'  2.419   1.481  9.3 152.9  25.75 267.1 Psc  
Laetitia (39)  
16 Sep 2019  21h20m15.80s  -13 51.289'  2.506   1.611  9.9 145.5  20.86 217.4 Aqr  
21 Sep 2019  21h18m49.84s  -14 22.584'  2.503   1.647 10.0 140.2  16.76 208.8 Aqr  
  
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,    
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),    
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),   
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie    

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2019 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii sentyabrya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na sentyabr', Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god, Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike i kalendare Salsky .

16 sentyabrya, noch' - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda R Kassiopei bliz maksimuma bleska (6m).

17 sentyabrya, noch' - Luna (F= 0,9-) prohodit yuzhnee Urana.

18 sentyabrya, 06 chasov 00 minut - Saturn v stoyanii s perehodom k pryamomu dvizheniyu.

19 sentyabrya, noch' - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda U Gerkulesa bliz maksimuma bleska (6,5m).

20 sentyabrya, noch' - Luna (F= 0,64-) prohodit severnee Al'debarana.

21 sentyabrya, 19 chasov 45 minut - Pokrytie Lunoi (F= 0,53-) zvezdy dzeta Tel'ca (3,0m) pri vidimosti v Sibiri i na Dal'nem Vostoke.

22 sentyabrya, 02 chasa 42 minuty - Luna v faze poslednei chetverti.

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Starlab, Meteoveb, Bol'shaya Vselennaya i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 19 sentyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 19 sentyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yuzhnoi i yugo-zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 19 sentyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

 

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N9 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), http://saros70.narod.ru/ (kalendar'), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 (Astronomicheskii kalendar' spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda), http://www.calsky.com/ (on-lain kalendar'), http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


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