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Solnce

Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 3 po 9 iyunya 2019 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 3 po 9 iyunya 2019 goda
14.05.2019 6:01 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele Luna bliz fazy novoluniya proidet severnee Al'debarana, a dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda RS Lebedya v etot den' dostignet maksimuma bleska (vidimost' nevooruzhennym glazom). 4 iyunya Luna (F= 0,02+) proidet bliz Merkuriya, a dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda R Zmei dostignet maksimuma bleska (6m). 5 iyunya Luna (F= 0,06+) proidet bliz Marsa okolo tochki maksimal'nogo skloneniya k severu ot nebesnogo ekvatora, i v etot zhe den' (F= 0,08+) dostignet voshodyashego uzla svoei orbity. 7 iyunya Luna (F= 0,25+) okazhetsya v perigee svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 368505 km ot centra Zemli, i v eto zhe den' (F= 0,18+) proidet cherez zvezdnoe skoplenie Yasli (M44). 8 iyunya Luna (F= 0,34+) proidet severnee Regula, a 9 iyunya Venera sblizitsya do 5 gr. s rasseyannym zvezdnym skopleniem Pleyady. Krome etogo, prodolzhaetsya period poyavleniya serebristyh oblakov na fone sumerechnogo segmenta v srednih shirotah strany.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy uvelichivaetsya do 57 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote - do 17 chasov 20 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca za opisyvaemyi period umen'shaetsya do 31,51 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Tel'ca. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu novoluniya 3 iyunya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Tel'ca, Bliznecov, Raka, L'va, izmenyaya fazu ot 0 do 0,5+ i uvelichivaya (s 5 iyunya - umen'shaya) sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Tel'ca. Zdes' tonchaishii serp 3 iyunya sblizitsya s Al'debaranom i primet fazu novoluniya. Tekushaya seriya pokrytii Al'debarana zakonchilas', a v sleduyushii raz Luna pokroet etu zvezdu tol'ko 18 avgusta 2033 goda. Pereidya na vechernee nebo, molodoi mesyac sblizitsya s Merkuriem 4 iyunya, proidya yuzhnee bystroi planety. V etot zhe den', posetiv severnuyu chast' sozvezdiya Oriona, lunnyi serp pereidet v sozvezdie Bliznecov, gde sblizitsya s Marsov 5 iyunya pri faze 0,06+ okolo maksimal'nogo skloneniya k severu ot nebesnogo ekvatora. V etot zhe den' Luna (F= 0,08+) proidet voshodyashii uzel svoei orbity. Blagopoluchno minovav sozvezdie Bliznecov, rastushii serp dostignet sozvezdiya Raka pri faze 0,13+ 6 iyunya, gde na sleduyushii den' peresechet zvezdnoe skoplenie Yasli (M44) pri faze 0,18+. 7 iyunya nochnoe svetilo dostignet perigeya svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 368505 km ot centra Zemli, a 8 iyunya pri faze 0,25+ pereidet v sozvezdie L'va. V etot zhe den' rastushii serp proidet v 3 gradusah severnee Regula pri faze 0,34+. Fazy Luny na dannoe vremya i na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii viden na fone vechernei zari, Venera nablyudaetsya v luchah voshodyashego Solnca v yuzhnyh shirotah strany, Yupiter i Saturn vidny na nochnom i utrennem nebe, a Mars - na fone vechernei zari. Uran i Neptun nahodyatsya na utrennem nebe. Podrobnye efemeridy i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet dayutsya v pechatnoi versii AK_2019 na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1364101 . Efemeridy planet na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya takzhe na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/ephemeris.html .

Iz komet hvostataya strannica P/West-Hartley (123P) peremeshaetsya po sozvezdiyu L'va s bleskom slabee 12m, yavlyayas' nezahodyashim svetilom v severnyh raionah strany. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na iyun', a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkimi na dannoi nedele budut: Cerera (7,0m) v sozvezdii Skorpiona, Vesta (8,3m) v sozvezdii Ryb i Pallada (8,8m) v sozvezdii Volos Veroniki.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd (po dannym AAVSO), nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: RS Lebedya 7,2m - 3 iyunya, X Andromedy 9,0m - 4 iyunya, R Zmei 6,9m - 4 iyunya, S Pegasa 8,0m - 5 iyunya, S Gidry 7,8m - 6 iyunya, T Zhuravlya 8,6m - 7 iyunya.

Nekotorye blizkie pary svetil: Luna - Al'debaran, Luna - Merkurii, Luna - Mars, Luna - Regul, Yupiter - Antares, Saturn - omikron Strel'ca, Uran - omikron Ryb, Neptun - lyambda Vodoleya, Pallada - Arktur, Flora - Partenopa.

Obzor tumannyh nebesnyh ob'ektov mesyaca - v zhurnale Nebosvod . Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Eto interesno! Predydushee polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie imelo mesto: 3 iyunya - v 1742 godu, 4 iyunya - 1788, 5 iyunya - v 1369 godu, 6 iyunya - v 1807 godu, 7 iyunya - v 1453 godu, 8 iyunya - v 1956 godu, 9 iyunya - v 1592 godu. Bol'she vsego (za proshedshie dve tysyachi let) polnyh zatmenii v eti dni bylo 7 iyunya (7 zatmenii), a men'she vsego - 5 i 9 iyunya (po 3 zatmeniya). Your Guide to the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse

Svedeniya ob astronomicheskih yavleniyah proshlogo i tekushego stoletii mozhno naiti v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Tel'ca, 5 iyunya perehodya v sozvezdie Bliznecov. Merkurii viden na fone vechernei zari. Dannaya vechernyaya vidimost' odna iz luchshih v 2019 godu. Elongaciya planety k koncu nedeli uvelichivaetsya do 20 gradusov k vostoku. V teleskop mozhno nablyudat' nebol'shoi oval planety s uglovymi razmerami okolo 6 sekund dugi pri bleske okolo -0,5m i faze okolo 0,8. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 1,20 do 1,07 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2019 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god . 11 noyabrya 2019 goda Merkurii proidet po disku Solnca. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2019.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ovna, 3 iyunya perehodya v sozvezdie Tel'ca. Venera vidna v luchah voshodyashego Solnca v yuzhnyh shirotah strany. V teleskop viden nebol'shoi disk planety bez detalei, a elongaciya ee sostavlyaet okolo 18 gradusov. Vidimyi diametr Venery sostavlyaet okolo 10 uglovyh sekund, a blesk imeet znachenie okolo -4m pri faze bolee 0,9. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi uvelichivaetsya ot 1,59 do 1,62 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2019.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Bliznecov. Mars mozhno nablyudat' na fone vechernei zari v vide krasnovatoi zvezdy. Blesk Marsa priderzhivaetsya znacheniya +1,7m, a vidimyi diametr sostavlyaet okolo 4 sekund dugi. V teleskop viden krohotnyi disk (samyi malen'kii iz vseh yarkih planet). Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei uvelichivaetsya ot 2,44 do 2,47 a.e.. 27 iyulya 2018 goda Mars proshel velikoe protivostoyanie. Stat'ya ob etom astronomicheskom sobytii imeetsya v zhurnale Nebosvod za yanvar' 2018 goda i na Astronet. Sleduyushee protivostoyanie, blizkoe k velikomu, proizoidet 13 oktyabrya 2020 goda (Astronomicheskii kalendar' na 2020 god). Vidimyi diametr Marsa v period protivostoyaniya budet dostigat' 22,6 uglovyh sekund! Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2019.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Zmeenosca bliz Antaresa. Yupiter nablyudaetsya vsyu noch', priblizhayas' k svoemu protivostoyaniyu s Solncem 10 iyunya. Eto samyi blagopriyatnyi period v godu dlya nablyudenii planety, hotya Yupiter kul'miniruet v srednih shirotah nevysoko nad gorizontom, a vyshe severnogo polyarnogo kruga sovsem ne viden. Uglovoi diametr planety uvelichivaetsya ot 45,9 do 46,0 sekund dugi pri bleske okolo -2,6m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli ot 4,30 do 4,28 a.e.. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali, a takzhe pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na iyun'. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2019.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta peremeshaetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Saturn mozhno nablyudat' na nochnom i utrennem nebe. On nahoditsya nedaleko ot protivostoyaniya s Solncem, kotoroe nastupit v sleduyushem mesyace (9 iyulya). Vyshe 69 paralleli Saturn ne viden. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,2m, a uglovoi diametr prevyshaet 18 sekund dugi. V teleskop vidno kol'co planety i samyi yarkii sputnik Titan (8m). Drugie otnositel'no yarkie sputniki Saturna mozhno razglyadet' v teleskopy s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 100 mm. Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna umen'shaetsya ot 9,23 do 9,16 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2019.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +5,8, d= 3,4 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ovna (bliz zvezdy omikron Psc (4,2m)). Uran nahoditsya na utrennem nebe, no viden tol'ko v yuzhnyh shirotah strany. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom umen'shaetsya za nedelyu ot 20,64 do 20,56 a.e.. V otsutstvii Luny i zasvetki pri prozrachnom nebe planetu v periody luchshei vidimosti mozhno naiti nevooruzhennym glazom (osen'yu etogo goda). Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2019.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +7,9, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya bliz zvezdy lyambda Aqr (3,7m). Neptun nahoditsya na utrennem nebe. Disk planety v periody vidimosti razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom umen'shaetsya ot 30,03 do 29,92 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2019.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca (levee trio zvezd pi, omikron i ksi Sgr) na rasstoyanii okolo 34 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - v zhurnale Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

  
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)   r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.  
Cerera (1)  
 1 Jun 2019  16h20m37.09s  -17 44.096'  2.766   1.755  7.0 174.8  34.49 263.9 Sco  
 6 Jun 2019  16h15m52.76s  -17 51.710'  2.770   1.765  7.1 169.9  33.45 263.2 Sco  
Pallada (2)  
 1 Jun 2019  13h27m38.68s  +23 59.050'  2.663   2.063  8.9 115.6   5.70 196.4 Com  
 6 Jun 2019  13h27m41.51s  +23 45.181'  2.676   2.128  9.0 111.8   8.67 164.7 Com  
Vesta (4)  
 1 Jun 2019   1h45m31.67s  + 4 50.609'  2.434   3.058  8.3  44.0  63.19  71.5 Psc  
 6 Jun 2019   1h53m29.73s  + 5 29.869'  2.438   3.019  8.3  46.7  62.12  72.0 Psc  
Partenopa (11)  
 1 Jun 2019  15h14m20.83s  -10 32.495'  2.401   1.431  9.8 157.9  30.63 276.2 Lib  
 6 Jun 2019  15h10m27.00s  -10 27.578'  2.395   1.449  9.9 152.5  26.90 273.4 Lib  
Evnomiya (15)  
 1 Jun 2019  21h42m06.43s  -11 29.355'  2.551   2.077  9.9 106.0  27.15  47.1 Cap  
 6 Jun 2019  21h44m32.95s  -10 52.910'  2.541   2.007  9.8 110.0  24.01  41.7 Cap  
Mel'pomena (18)  
 1 Jun 2019  19h02m43.59s  - 8 29.066'  2.342   1.461  9.9 141.7  16.46 285.0 Aql  
 6 Jun 2019  19h00m13.50s  - 8 22.365'  2.330   1.416  9.8 146.5  21.35 276.5 Aql  
  
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,    
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),    
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),   
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie    

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2019 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii iyunya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na iyun', Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god, Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike i kalendare Salsky .

03 iyunya, 10 chasov 02 minuty - Novolunie.

04 iyunya, vecher - Luna (F= 0,02+) bliz Merkuriya.

05 iyunya, vecher - Luna (F= 0,06+) bliz Marsa.

06 iyunya i vsyu nedelyu, sumerki - Vozmozhnost' poyavleniya serebristyh oblakov.

07 iyunya, 23 chasa 15 minut - Luna (F= 0,25+) v perigee svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 368505 km ot centra Zemli.

08 iyunya, vecher - Luna (F= 0,34+) bliz Regula,

09 iyunya, utro - Venera prohodit v 5 gr. yuzhnee rasseyannogo zvezdnogo skopleniya Pleyady.

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Starlab, Meteoveb, Bol'shaya Vselennaya i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid yugo-vostochnoi i yuzhnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 6 iyunya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 6 iyunya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yugo-zapadnoi i zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 6 iyunya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N6 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), http://saros70.narod.ru/ (kalendar'), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 (Astronomicheskii kalendar' spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda), http://www.calsky.com/ (on-lain kalendar'), http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


Publikacii s klyuchevymi slovami: astronomicheskaya nedelya - lyubitel'skaya astronomiya - nebo - nevooruzhennym glazom
Publikacii so slovami: astronomicheskaya nedelya - lyubitel'skaya astronomiya - nebo - nevooruzhennym glazom
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