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Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 6 po 12 maya 2019 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 6 po 12 maya 2019 goda
8.04.2019 6:10 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele 6 maya proizoidet pokrytie Lunoi (0,03+) zvezdy del'ta1 Tel'ca (3,8m) pri vidimosti na Evropeiskoi chasti Rossii. V etot zhe den' Luna (F= 0,04+) proidet bliz Al'debarana, a takzhe nastupit maksimum deistviya meteornogo potoka eta-Akvaridy s chasovym zenitnym chislom meteorov 40. 7 maya Luna (F= 0,1+) budet nahodit'sya bliz Marsa, a na sleduyushii den' Merkurii proidet v 1,3 gradusa yuzhnee Urana. 9 maya Luna (F= 0,2+) proidet tochku maksimal'nogo skloneniya k severu ot nebesnogo ekvatora, a dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda R Malogo L'va dostignet maksimuma bleska (6m). V etot zhe den' Luna (F= 0,25+) okazhetsya v voshodyashem uzle svoei orbity, a dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda S Devy dostignet maksimuma bleska (6m). 11 maya Luna (F= 0,39+) proidet cherez zvezdnoe skoplenie Yasli (M44), a 12 maya Luna (F= 0,57+) budet nahodit'sya bliz Regula. V etot zhe den' asteroid Flora (8) vstupit v protivostoyanie s Solncem, a takzhe proizoidet pokrytie Lunoi (0,58+) zvezdy 37 L'va (5,4m) pri vidimosti na Evropeiskoi chasti Rossii.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy uvelichivaetsya do 53 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote - do 16 chasov 00 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca za opisyvaemyi period umen'shaetsya do 31,67 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Ovna. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu pervoi chetverti 12 maya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Tel'ca, Bliznecov, Raka, L'va, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,0 do 0,6+ i uvelichivaya sklonenie (do serediny nedeli, a zatem umen'shaya), a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Tel'ca. Zdes' tonkii serp pri faze 0,04+ proidet v 2 gradusah severnee Al'debarana 6 maya, a 7 maya okazhetsya v 3 gradusah yuzhnee Marsa. Tekushaya seriya pokrytii Al'debarana zakonchilas', a v sleduyushii raz Luna pokroet etu zvezdu tol'ko 18 avgusta 2033 goda. Prodolzhaya dvizhenie po sozvezdiyu Tel'ca, Luna dostignet sozvezdiya Oriona pri faze 0,12+ 8 maya, v etot zhe den' pereidya v sozvezdie Bliznecov, nahodyas' bliz maksimal'nogo skloneniya k severu ot nebesnogo ekvatora. Zdes' Luna (F= 0,25+) proidet voshodyashii uzel svoei orbity. Blagopoluchno minovav sozvezdie Bliznecov, rastushii serp dostignet sozvezdiya Raka pri faze 0,32+ 10 maya, gde na sleduyushii den' peresechet zvezdnoe skoplenie Yasli (M44) pri faze 0,39+. 11 maya Luna (F= 0,47+) pereidet v sozvezdie L'va. V etom sozvezdii nochnoe svetilo primet fazu pervoi chetverti 12 maya, v etot zhe den' proidya v 3 gradusah severnee Regula pri faze 0,57+. Fazy Luny na dannoe vremya i na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii i Venera nablyudayutsya v luchah voshodyashego Solnca v yuzhnyh shirotah strany, Yupiter i Saturn vidny na nochnom i utrennem nebe, a Mars nahoditsya na vechernem nebe. Uran i Neptun nahodyatsya na utrennem nebe. Podrobnye efemeridy i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet dayutsya v pechatnoi versii AK_2019 na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1364101 . Efemeridy planet na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya takzhe na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/ephemeris.html .

Iz komet hvostataya strannica Iwamoto (C/2018 Y1) peremeshaetsya po sozvezdiyu Perseya s bleskom slabee 12m, yavlyayas' nezahodyashim svetilom v severnyh raionah strany. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na mai, a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkimi na dannoi nedele budut: Cerera (7,4m) v sozvezdii Zmeenosca, Vesta (8,2m) v sozvezdii Kita i Pallada (8,3m) v sozvezdiyah Volopasa i Volos Veroniki.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd (po dannym AAVSO), nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: X Kita 8,8 - 29 aprelya, RZ Skorpiona 8,8m - 30 aprelya, Z Orla 9,0m - 30 aprelya, T Centavra 5,5m - 4 maya, U Mikroskopa 8,8m - 4 maya.

Nekotorye blizkie pary svetil: Luna - Al'debaran, Luna - Mars, Luna - Yasli (M44), Luna - Regul, Merkurii - Uran, Yupiter - Antares, Saturn - omikron Strel'ca, Uran - omikron Ryb, Neptun - lyambda Vodoleya, Pallada - Arktur, Flora - Partenopa.

Obzor tumannyh nebesnyh ob'ektov mesyaca - v zhurnale Nebosvod . Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Eto interesno! Predydushee polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie imelo mesto: 6 maya - v 1883 godu, 7 maya - v 1529 godu, 8 maya - v 1510 godu, 9 maya - v 1929 godu, 10 maya - v 1575 godu, 11 maya - v 1687 godu, 12 maya - v 1706 godu. Bol'she vsego (za proshedshie dve tysyachi let) polnyh zatmenii v eti dni bylo 10 maya (7 zatmenii), a men'she vsego - 7 maya (2 zatmeniya). Your Guide to the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse

Svedeniya ob astronomicheskih yavleniyah proshlogo i tekushego stoletii mozhno naiti v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ryb, 8 maya perehodya v sozvezdie Ovna. Merkurii viden na utrennem nebe v yuzhnyh shirotah strany. Elongaciya planety k koncu nedeli umen'shaetsya do 10 gradusov k zapadu. Uglovye razmery planety umen'shayutsya ot 5,5 do 5,2 sekund dugi pri bleske okolo -1m i faze, uvelichivayusheisya za nedelyu ot 0,8 do 0,9. V teleskop Merkurii nablyudaetsya v vide nebol'shogo ovala. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei uvelichivaetsya ot 1,21 do 1,28 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2019 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god . 11 noyabrya 2019 goda Merkurii proidet po disku Solnca. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2019.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ryb. Venera vidna na fone utrennei zari v yuzhnyh shirotah strany. V teleskop viden oval planety bez detalei, a elongaciya ee sostavlyaet okolo 26 gradusov. Vidimyi diametr Venery umen'shaetsya do 11 uglovyh sekund, a blesk imeet znachenie okolo -4m pri faze okolo 0,9. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi uvelichivaetsya ot 1,43 do 1,47 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2019.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Tel'ca. Mars mozhno nablyudat' po vecheram v zapadnoi chasti neba v vide krasnovatoi zvezdy. Blesk Marsa priderzhivaetsya znacheniya +1,7m, a vidimyi diametr sostavlyaet okolo 4 sekund dugi. V teleskop viden krohotnyi disk (samyi malen'kii iz vseh yarkih planet). Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei uvelichivaetsya ot 2,27 do 2,30 a.e.. 27 iyulya 2018 goda Mars proshel velikoe protivostoyanie. Stat'ya ob etom astronomicheskom sobytii imeetsya v zhurnale Nebosvod za yanvar' 2018 goda i na Astronet. Sleduyushee protivostoyanie, blizkoe k velikomu, proizoidet 13 oktyabrya 2020 goda (Astronomicheskii kalendar' na 2020 god). Vidimyi diametr Marsa v period protivostoyaniya budet dostigat' 22,6 uglovyh sekund! Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2019.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Zmeenosca bliz Antaresa. Yupiter nablyudaetsya na nochnom i utrennem nebe. Uglovoi diametr planety uvelichivaetsya ot 44,0 do 44,5 sekund dugi pri bleske okolo -2,4m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli ot 4,48 do 4,42 a.e.. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali, a takzhe pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na mai. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2019.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta peremeshaetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Saturn mozhno nablyudat' na nochnom i utrennem nebe. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,4m, a uglovoi diametr imeet znachenie okolo 17,5 sekund dugi. V teleskop vidno kol'co planety i samyi yarkii sputnik Titan (8m). Drugie otnositel'no yarkie sputniki Saturna mozhno razglyadet' v teleskopy s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 100 mm. Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna umen'shaetsya ot 9,59 do 9,50 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2019.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +5,8, d= 3,4 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ovna (bliz zvezdy omikron Psc (4,2m)). Uran nahoditsya na utrennem nebe, no viden tol'ko v yuzhnyh shirotah strany. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom umen'shaetsya za nedelyu ot 20,83 do 20,81 a.e.. V otsutstvii Luny i zasvetki pri prozrachnom nebe planetu v periody luchshei vidimosti mozhno naiti nevooruzhennym glazom. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2019.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +7,9, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya bliz zvezdy lyambda Aqr (3,7m). Neptun nahoditsya na utrennem nebe, no viden tol'ko v yuzhnyh shirotah strany. Disk planety v periody vidimosti razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom umen'shaetsya ot 30,47 do 30,39 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2019.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca (levee trio zvezd pi, omikron i ksi Sgr) na rasstoyanii okolo 34 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - v zhurnale Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

     
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)   r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.     
Cerera (1)     
 6 May 2019  16h43m36.43s  -17 10.628'  2.746   1.810  7.5 152.8  25.35 263.5 Oph     
11 May 2019  16h39m50.70s  -17 16.470'  2.750   1.785  7.4 158.4  28.78 264.1 Oph     
Pallada (2)     
 6 May 2019  13h36m24.77s  +23 13.798'  2.600   1.773  8.3 136.6  26.18 307.4 Boo     
11 May 2019  13h33m37.12s  +23 40.658'  2.612   1.822  8.5 132.5  20.70 302.0 Com     
Vesta (4)     
 6 May 2019   1h02m41.12s  + 1 00.807'  2.409   3.223  8.2  30.5  67.66  69.3 Cet     
11 May 2019   1h11m05.36s  + 1 48.021'  2.414   3.197  8.3  33.1  66.90  69.6 Cet      
Irida (7)     
 6 May 2019  12h20m31.32s  - 9 38.796'  2.861   1.990 10.0 143.1  21.70 310.2 Vir     
11 May 2019  12h18m34.34s  - 9 12.375'  2.866   2.037 10.1 137.7  17.38 315.4 Vir     
Flora (8)     
 6 May 2019  15h28m15.75s  -10 02.974'  2.534   1.537  9.8 168.8  38.86 282.8 Lib     
11 May 2019  15h23m02.54s  - 9 46.357'  2.532   1.529  9.7 171.4  39.86 281.5 Lib     
Partenopa (11)     
 6 May 2019  15h38m25.10s  -11 40.893'  2.429   1.435  9.7 167.4  33.96 284.9 Lib     
11 May 2019  15h33m48.90s  -11 23.869'  2.424   1.421  9.6 171.4  35.63 283.4 Lib     
Massaliya (20)     
 6 May 2019  16h01m54.88s  -20 05.936'  2.614   1.634 10.1 162.5  33.09 282.6 Lib     
11 May 2019  15h57m10.03s  -19 50.807'  2.620   1.622 10.0 168.5  35.37 282.9 Lib     
     
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,       
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),       
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),      
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie       

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2019 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii maya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na mai, Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god, Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike i kalendare Salsky .

06 maya, noch' - Maksimum deistviya meteornogo potoka eta-Akvaridy s chasovym zenitnym chislom meteorov - 40.

07 maya, vecher - Luna (F= 0,1+) bliz Marsa.

08 maya, utro - Merkurii prohodit v 1,3 gradusa yuzhnee Urana.

09 maya, 18 chasov 50 minut - Luna (F= 0,25+) v voshodyashem uzle svoei orbity.

10 maya, utro - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda S Devy bliz maksimuma bleska (6m).

11 maya, vecher - Luna (F= 0,4+) prohodit cherez zvezdnoe skoplenie Yasli (M44).

12 maya, 01 chas 12 minut - Luna v faze pervoi chetverti.

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Starlab, Meteoveb, Bol'shaya Vselennaya i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 9 maya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yugo-vostochnoi i yuzhnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 9 maya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yugo-zapadnoi i zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 9 maya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N5 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), http://saros70.narod.ru/ (kalendar'), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 (Astronomicheskii kalendar' spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda), http://www.calsky.com/ (on-lain kalendar'), http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


Publikacii s klyuchevymi slovami: astronomicheskaya nedelya - lyubitel'skaya astronomiya - nebo - nevooruzhennym glazom
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