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Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 14 po 20 yanvarya 2019 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 14 po 20 yanvarya 2019 goda
11.01.2019 7:10 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele 14 yanvarya Luna v faze pervoi chetverti prohodit bliz Urana, a 16 yanvarya proizoidet pokrytie na 5 sekund zvezdy HIP53233 (7,8m) iz sozvezdiya L'va asteroidom Pittsburgiya pri vidimosti na yuge Zapadnoi Sibiri. 17 yanvarya Luna pri faze 0,84+ proidet bliz Al'debarana, 19 yanvarya pri faze 0,95+ proidet tochku maksimal'nogo skloneniya k severu ot nebesnogo ekvatora, a 20 yanvarya pochti pri faze polnoluniya dostignet voshodyashego uzla svoei orbity (polnoe lunnoe zatmenie 21 yanvarya). Kometa P/Wirtanen (46P) peremeshaetsya po sozvezdiyu Bol'shoi Medvedicy i yavlyaetsya nezahodyashim svetilom v srednih i severnyh shirotah. Asteroid Eros (433) bystro dvizhetsya na yug po sozvezdiyam Perseya i Voznichego.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy uvelichivaetsya do 14 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote - do 7 chasov 55 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca za opisyvaemyi period umen'shaetsya do 32,51 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca, v konce nedeli perehodya v sozvezdie Kozeroga. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu pervoi chetverti 14 yanvarya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Ryb, Ovna, Tel'ca i Bliznecov, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,45+ do 1,0 i uvelichivaya sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Ryb. 14 yanvarya Luna pri faze 0,57+ pereidet v sozvezdie Kita, a 15 yanvarya dostignet sozvezdiya Ovna pri faze 0,64+. 16 yanvarya lunnyi oval pereidet v sozvezdie Tel'ca pri faze bolee 0,72+, gde na sleduyushii den' proidet v polutora gradusah severnee Al'debarana pri faze 0,84+. Tekushaya seriya pokrytii etoi zvezdy zakonchilas', a v sleduyushii raz Luna pokroet Al'debaran tol'ko 18 avgusta 2033 goda. 19 yanvarya lunnyi disk posetit sozvezdie Oriona pri faze 0,93+, i v etot zhe den' pereidet v sozvezdie Bliznecov, nahodyas' bliz maksimal'nogo skloneniya k severu ot nebesnogo ekvatora. Fazy Luny na dannoe vremya i na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii i Saturn ne vidny, Venera i Yupiter nablyudayutsya na fone utrennei zari, a Mars, Uran i Neptun nahodyatsya na vechernem i nochnom nebe. Podrobnye efemeridy i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet dayutsya v pechatnoi versii AK_2019 na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1364101 . Efemeridy planet na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya takzhe na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/ephemeris.html .

Iz komet hvostataya strannica P/Wirtanen (46P) dvizhetsya po sozvezdmyu Bol'shoi Medvedicy s bleskom okolo 6m (vidimost' nevooruzhennym glazom pri prozrachnom bezlunnom nebe). Kometa P/Stephan-Oterma (38P) peremeshaetsya po sozvezdiyu Rysi s bleskom slabee 10m. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na yanvar', a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkimi na dannoi nedele budut: Vesta (8,0m) v sozvezdii Kozeroga i Yunona (8,5m) v sozvezdii Tel'ca.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd (po dannym AAVSO), nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: S Bliznecov 9,0m - 14 yanvarya, X Gidry 8,4m - 15 yanvarya, RU Gerkulesa 8,0m - 15 yanvarya, S Del'fina 8,8m - 16 yanvarya, R Ovna 8,2m - 19 yanvarya, Y Edinoroga 9,1m - 19 yanvarya.

Nekotorye blizkie pary svetil: Luna - Uran, Luna Al'debaran, Merkurii - Saturn, Venera - Yupiter, Venera - Antares, Saturn - M22, Uran - omikron Ryb, Neptun - lyambda Vodoleya, kometa P/Wirtanen (46P) - kometa P/Stephan-Oterma (38P).

Obzor tumannyh nebesnyh ob'ektov mesyaca - v zhurnale Nebosvod . Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Eto interesno! Predydushee polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie imelo mesto: 14 yanvarya - v 1926 godu, 15 yanvarya - v 1572 godu, 16 yanvarya - v 0093 godu, 17 yanvarya - v 1703 godu, 18 yanvarya - v 1749 godu, 19 yanvarya - v 1768 godu, 20 yanvarya - v 0288 godu. Bol'she vsego (za proshedshie dve tysyachi let) polnyh zatmenii v eti dni bylo 18 yanvarya (6 zatmenii), a men'she vsego - 16 i 20 yanvarya (po 1 zatmeniyu). Your Guide to the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse

Svedeniya ob astronomicheskih yavleniyah proshlogo i tekushego stoletii mozhno naiti v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Merkurii ne viden. Elongaciya planety umen'shaetsya do 6 gradusov k koncu nedeli. Uglovye razmery planety priderzhivayutsya znacheniya 5 sekund dugi pri bleske okolo -0,7m i faze okolo 1,0. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei uvelichivaetsya ot 1,40 do 1,42 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2019 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god . Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2019.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Zmeenosca. Venera vidna na utrennem nebe v vide samoi yarkoi zvezdy neba. Ee mozhno nablyudat' dnem dazhe nevooruzhennym glazom. Oval planety mozhno nablyudat' v teleskop, a elongaciya ee priderzhivaetsya znacheniya 47 gradusov. Vidimyi diametr Venery umen'shaetsya ot 22,7 do 21,2 uglovyh sekund, a blesk imeet znachenie -4,3m pri faze bolee 0,5. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi uvelichivaetsya ot 0,73 do 0,78 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2019.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ryb. Mars mozhno nablyudat' v vechernie i nochnye chasy v yuzhnoi chasti neba v vide krasnovatoi zvezdy. Blesk Marsa snizhaetsya do +0,7m, a vidimyi diametr umen'shaetsya ot 6,8 do 6,5 sekund dugi. Idet blagopriyatnyi period nablyudenii Marsa. V teleskop mozhno rassmotret' disk s krupnymi detalyami poverhnosti planety. Fotografirovanie planety s nalozheniem izobrazhenii pri pomoshi programmnogo obespecheniya, dadut luchshii rezul'tat po sravneniyu s vizual'nymi nablyudeniyami. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei uvelichivaetsya ot 1,37 do 1,43 a.e.. 27 iyulya 2018 goda Mars proshel velikoe protivostoyanie. Stat'ya ob etom astronomicheskom sobytii imeetsya v zhurnale Nebosvod za yanvar' 2018 goda i na Astronet. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2019.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Zmeenosca bliz Antaresa i Venery. Yupiter mozhno naiti na fone utrennei zari. Uglovoi diametr planety imeet znachenie 32,8 sekundy dugi pri bleske okolo -1,8m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli ot 6,07 do 6,00 a.e.. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali, a takzhe pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na yanvar'. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2019.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Nachinaetsya utrennyaya vidimost' Saturna (v luchah voshodyashego Solnca). Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,5m, a uglovoi diametr priderzhivaetsya znacheniya 15 sekund dugi. V teleskop vidno kol'co planety i samyi yarkii sputnik Titan (8m). Drugie otnositel'no yarkie sputniki Saturna mozhno razglyadet' v teleskopy s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 100 mm. Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna umen'shaetsya ot 11,03 do 11,00 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2019.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +5,8, d= 3,4 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ryb (bliz zvezdy omikron Psc (4,2m)).. Uran nablyudaetsya vecherom i noch'yu. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom uvelichivaetsya za nedelyu ot 19,75 do 19,87 a.e.. V otsutstvii Luny i zasvetki pri prozrachnom nebe planetu mozhno naiti nevooruzhennym glazom. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2019.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +7,9, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya bliz zvezdy lyambda Aqr (3,7m). Neptun viden vecherom i noch'yu, a naiti ego mozhno pri pomoshi binoklya ili teleskopa. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom uvelichivaetsya ot 30,55 do 30,64 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2019.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca (levee trio zvezd pi, omikron i ksi Sgr) na rasstoyanii okolo 34 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - v zhurnale Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

 
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)   r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son. 
Cerera (1) 
16 Jan 2019  15h42m12.85s  -13 10.358'  2.662   3.029  8.9  59.2  53.48 103.6 Lib 
21 Jan 2019  15h49m14.15s  -13 34.509'  2.666   2.974  8.8  62.4  51.80 103.0 Lib 
Pallada (2) 
16 Jan 2019  13h41m16.86s  - 4 37.771'  2.345   2.126  8.8  90.1  46.52  67.1 Vir 
21 Jan 2019  13h46m47.99s  - 3 58.365'  2.355   2.070  8.8  94.1  45.00  61.7 Vir 
Yunona (3) 
16 Jan 2019   3h39m10.54s  - 0 08.568'  2.011   1.380  8.5 115.5  34.16  41.1 Tau 
21 Jan 2019   3h42m30.99s  + 0 43.930'  2.016   1.431  8.6 111.8  38.44  46.0 Tau 
Vesta (4) 
16 Jan 2019  21h41m10.88s  -18 02.243'  2.301   3.139  8.0  26.6  73.99  72.1 Cap 
21 Jan 2019  21h51m01.32s  -17 15.974'  2.306   3.170  8.0  24.0  74.11  71.5 Cap 
Geba (6) 
16 Jan 2019   6h05m20.83s  + 8 12.860'  2.263   1.348  8.8 151.9  37.31 312.2 Ori 
21 Jan 2019   6h01m58.36s  + 9 03.641'  2.275   1.385  8.9 147.1  33.98 319.0 Ori 
Eros (433) 
16 Jan 2019   4h33m55.84s  +38 44.056'  1.140   0.209  9.1 134.8 145.05 156.8 Per 
21 Jan 2019   4h44m24.16s  +34 14.985'  1.137   0.210  9.2 132.6 151.03 153.1 Aur 
Gerkulina (532) 
16 Jan 2019   9h50m06.88s  +24 29.276'  2.425   1.513  9.2 151.9  33.97 333.9 Leo 
21 Jan 2019   9h47m35.83s  +25 31.320'  2.418   1.482  9.1 157.0  36.87 328.5 Leo 
 
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,   
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),   
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),  
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie   

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2019 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii yanvarya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na yanvar', Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2019 god, Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike i kalendare Salsky .

14 yanvarya, 06 chasov 45 minut - Luna v faze pervoi chetverti.

15 yanvarya i vsyu nedelyu, noch' - Kometa P/Wirtanen (46P) yavlyaetsya nezahodyashim svetilom v sozvezdii Bol'shoi Medvedicy.

16 yanvarya, utro - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda RU Gerkulesa bliz maksimuma bleska (7m).

17 yanvarya, vecher - Luna (F= 0,84+) bliz Al'debarana.

18 yanvarya, vecher - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda R Ovna bliz maksimuma bleska (7m).

19 yanvarya, 22 chasa 00 minut - Luna (F= 0,95+) prohodit tochku maksimal'nogo skloneniya k severu ot nebesnogo ekvatora.

20 yanvarya, 22 chasa 48 minut - Luna (F= 0,99+) v voshodyashem uzle svoei orbity.

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Starlab, Meteoveb, Bol'shaya Vselennaya i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 17 yanvarya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 17 yanvarya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yuzhnoi i yugo-zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 17 yanvarya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N1 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), http://saros70.narod.ru/ (kalendar'), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 (Astronomicheskii kalendar' spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda), http://www.calsky.com/ (on-lain kalendar'), http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


Publikacii s klyuchevymi slovami: astronomicheskaya nedelya - lyubitel'skaya astronomiya - nebo - nevooruzhennym glazom
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