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Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 19 po 25 noyabrya 2018 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 19 po 25 noyabrya 2018 goda
16.11.2018 7:10 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele 20 noyabrya Luna (F= 0,93+) proidet bliz Urana, a 21 noyabrya nastupit maksimum deistviya meteornogo potoka al'fa-Monocerotidy iz sozvezdiya Edinoroga s chasovym chislom 5 meteorov. 23 noyabrya Merkurii proidet v 4 gradusah severnee Antaresa, a Luna v faze polnoluniya budet nahodit'sya bliz Al'debarana, 25 noyabrya Neptun dostignet stoyaniya s perehodom ot popyatnogo k pryamomu dvizheniyu. Krome etogo, asteroid Eros (433) stanovitsya dostupen v sozvezdii Zhirafa sil'nym binoklyam, dostigaya bleska 10m v konce nedeli, a novaya kometa C/2018 V1 (Machhol'ca-Fudzikavy-Ivamoto) dostupna dlya nablyudenii v sozvezdii Devy.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy umen'shaetsya do 13 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote - do 7 chasov 40 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca za opisyvaemyi period uvelichivaetsya do 32,41 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Vesov, 23 noyabrya perehodya v sozvezdie Skorpiona. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu polnoluniya 23 noyabrya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Ryb, Ovna, Tel'ca i Bliznecov, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,8+ do 1,0, a zatem do 0,9- i uvelichivaya sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Kita. 20 noyabrya Luna pri faze 0,88+ vnov' pereidet v sozvezdie Ryb i poidet na sblizhenie s Uranom, yuzhnee kotorogo proidet v etot zhe den' pri faze 0,93+. 21 noyabrya snova budet nablyudat'sya v sozvezdii Kita, v etot zhe den' pereidya v sozvezdie Ovna pri faze 0,97+. 22 noyabrya yarkii lunnyi disk pereidet v sozvezdie Tel'ca, gde na sleduyushii den' primet fazu polnoluniya bliz Al'debarana. Pokrytiya zvezdy ne proizoidet, t.k. tekushaya seriya pokrytii zakonchilas', a v sleduyushii raz Luna pokroet Al'debaran tol'ko 18 avgusta 2033 goda. 25 noyabrya lunnyi disk pri faze 0,95- posetit sozvezdie Oriona, v etot zhe den' pereidya v sozvezdie Bliznecov (F= 0,93-), nahodyas' bliz maksimal'nogo skloneniya k severu ot nebesnogo ekvatora i perigeya svoei orbity. Fazy Luny na dannoe vremya i na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii nablyudaetsya na fone vechernei zari, Venera vidna na fone utrennei zari, a Mars i Saturn mozhno nablyudat' v vechernie chasy. Yupiter ne viden, a Uran i Neptun vidny vsyu noch'. Podrobnye efemeridy i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet dayutsya v pechatnoi versii AK_2018 na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1364103. Efemeridy planet na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya takzhe na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/ephemeris.html .

Iz komet hvostataya strannica C/2018 V1 (Machhol'ca-Fudzikavy-Ivamoto) peremeshaetsya po sozvezdiyu Devy s bleskom yarche 8m, a kometa P/Wirtanen (46P) dvizhetsya po sozvezdiyu Pechi. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na noyabr', a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2018 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkimi na dannoi nedele budut: Vesta (7,9m) v sozvezdii Strel'ca i Yunona (7,5m) v sozvezdii Eridana.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd (po dannym AAVSO), nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: RT Centavra 9,0m - 22 noyabrya, R Mikroskopa 9,2m - 24 noyabrya, U Zmei 8,5m - 25 noyabrya.

Nekotorye blizkie pary svetil: Luna - Uran, Luna - Al'debaran, Luna - Pleyady, Venera - Spika, Merkurii - Antares, Saturn - M20, Uran - omikron Ryb, Neptun - lyambda Vodoleya.

Obzor tumannyh nebesnyh ob'ektov mesyaca - v zhurnale Nebosvod . Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Eto interesno! Predydushee polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie imelo mesto: 19 noyabrya - v 1816 godu, 20 noyabrya - v 1854 godu, 21 noyabrya - v 1500 godu, 22 noyabrya - v 1984 godu, 23 noyabrya - v 2003 godu, 24 noyabrya - v 1677 godu, 25 noyabrya - v 1136 godu. Bol'she vsego (za proshedshie dve tysyachi let) polnyh zatmenii v eti dni bylo 24 noyabrya (8 zatmenii ), a men'she vsego 22 noyabrya (1 zatmenie). Your Guide to the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse

Svedeniya ob astronomicheskih yavleniyah proshlogo i tekushego stoletii mozhno naiti v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Zmeenosca (bliz Antaresa). Merkurii nablyudaetsya na fone vechernei zari, zakanchivaya vidimost' vo vtoroi polovine nedeli. Elongaciya planety za nedelyu bystro umen'shaetsya ot 17 do 4 gradusov. Uglovye razmery planety uvelichivayutsya ot 8,8 do 10,0 sekund dugi pri bleske okolo +2m i faze, umen'shayusheisya ot 0,2 do 0,01. V teleskop planeta vidna v vide krohotnogo serpa. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 0,76 do 0,68 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2018 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2018 god . Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2018.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Devy bliz Spiki. Venera vidna na fone zari, imeya status Utrennei zvezdy. Rastushii serp planety mozhno razglyadet' dazhe v binokl', a v teleskop Venera vidna vo vsem ee velikolepii! Elongaciya planety uvelichivaetsya k koncu nedeli ot 31 do 36,5 gradusov. Vidimyi diametr Venery umen'shaetsya ot 50 do 44 uglovyh sekund, a blesk imeet znachenie -4,5m pri faze okolo 0,2. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi uvelichivaetsya ot 0,34 do 0,38 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2018.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya, postepenno sblizhayas' s Neptunom. Mars mozhno nablyudat' v vechernie i nochnye chasy v yuzhnoi chasti neba v vide yarkoi krasnovatoi zvezdy. Blesk Marsa snizhaetsya do -0,1m, a vidimyi diametr - ot 10,2 do 9,6 sekund dugi. Idet blagopriyatnyi period nablyudenii Marsa. V teleskop mozhno rassmotret' disk s detalyami poverhnosti planety. Fotografirovanie planety s nalozheniem izobrazhenii pri pomoshi programmnogo obespecheniya, dadut luchshii rezul'tat po sravneniyu s vizual'nymi nablyudeniyami. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei uvelichivaetsya ot 0,92 do 0,96 a.e.. 27 iyulya Mars proshel velikoe protivostoyanie. Stat'ya ob etom astronomicheskom sobytii imeetsya v zhurnale Nebosvod za yanvar' 2018 goda i na Astronet. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2018.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vesov, postepenno sblizhayas' s Antaresom. Vechernyaya vidimost' Yupitera zakonchilas', a na utrennem nebe gazovyi gigant poyavitsya v dekabre mesyace. Uglovoi diametr planety imeet znachenie 31 sekundu dugi pri bleske okolo -1,7m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli 6,34 a.e.. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na noyabr'. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2018.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Planetu mozhno nablyudat' na fone vechernei zari. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,5m, a uglovoi diametr umen'shaetsya do 15,3 sekund dugi. V teleskop vidno kol'co planety i samyi yarkii sputnik Titan (8m). Drugie otnositel'no yarkie sputniki Saturna mozhno razglyadet' v teleskopy s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 100 mm. Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna uvelichivaetsya do 10,87 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2018.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +5,8, d= 3,4 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya popyatno v sozvezdii Ovna (u granic s sozvezdiem Kita i Ryb), bliz zvezdy omikron Psc (4,2m). Uran mozhno nablyudat' vsyu noch'. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom uvelichivaetsya za nedelyu ot 18,98 do 19,04 a.e.. V otsutstvii Luny i zasvetki pri prozrachnom nebe planetu mozhno naiti nevooruzhennym glazom. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2018.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +7,9, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) peremeshaetsya popyatno (v konce nedeli menyaya dvizhenie na pryamoe) po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya bliz zvezdy lyambda Aqr (3,7m). Neptun viden vsyu noch', a naiti ego mozhno pri pomoshi binoklya ili teleskopa. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom uvelichivaetsya ot 29,63 do 29,74 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2018.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca (levee trio zvezd pi, omikron i ksi Sgr) na rasstoyanii okolo 34 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - v zhurnale Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

  
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)   r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.  
Cerera (1)  
21 Nov 2018  14h14m59.78s  - 6 32.200'  2.626   3.483  8.8  25.4  64.86 110.4 Vir  
25 Nov 2018  14h21m30.84s  - 7 07.906'  2.628   3.462  8.8  27.7  64.41 110.0 Vir  
Pallada (2)  
21 Nov 2018  12h17m52.47s  - 6 12.873'  2.240   2.710  9.1  51.9  64.85  95.4 Vir  
25 Nov 2018  12h24m45.18s  - 6 21.816'  2.246   2.675  9.1  54.3  63.82  94.5 Vir  
Yunona (3)  
21 Nov 2018   3h50m50.70s  - 3 45.295'  1.983   1.038  7.5 156.4  31.65 243.8 Eri  
25 Nov 2018   3h47m49.42s  - 4 04.698'  1.983   1.044  7.5 155.1  29.78 249.9 Eri  
Vesta (4)  
21 Nov 2018  19h49m11.98s  -24 23.994'  2.249   2.639  7.9  56.4  68.21  81.3 Sgr  
25 Nov 2018  19h57m07.21s  -24 06.617'  2.252   2.682  7.9  54.2  68.92  80.5 Sgr  
Geba (6)  
21 Nov 2018   6h52m39.77s  + 3 31.154'  2.141   1.356  8.9 131.3  11.83 253.7 Mon  
25 Nov 2018   6h51m10.78s  + 3 27.430'  2.149   1.333  8.9 135.3  16.48 265.5 Mon  
Garmoniya (40)  
21 Nov 2018   5h21m08.94s  +20 13.253'  2.222   1.277  9.9 157.3  32.50 273.0 Tau  
25 Nov 2018   5h17m15.91s  +20 15.998'  2.224   1.263  9.8 162.2  35.83 272.7 Tau  
Eros (433)  
21 Nov 2018   4h39m18.09s  +61 32.745'  1.251   0.331 10.2 137.2  24.62 334.0 Cam  
25 Nov 2018   4h36m21.75s  +62 01.429'  1.240   0.315 10.1 138.2  20.25 311.4 Cam  
  
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,    
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),    
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),   
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie    

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2018 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii noyabrya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na noyabr', Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2018 god, Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike i kalendare Salsky .

19 noyabrya i vsyu nedelyu, utro - Utrennyaya vidimost' komety C/2018 V1 (Machhol'ca-Fudzikavy-Ivamoto).

20 noyabrya, noch' - Luna (F= 0,93+) bliz Urana.

21 noyabrya, noch' - Meteornyi potok al'fa-Monocerotidy v maksimume deistviya (ZHR= 5 i bolee).

22 noyabrya, vecher - Merkurii bliz Antaresa.

23 noyabrya, 05 chasov 39 minut - Polnolunie.

24 noyabrya, noch' - Luna (F= 1,0) bliz Al'debarana.

25 noyabrya, 08 chasov 00 minut - Neptun v stoyanii s perehodom ot popyatnogo k pryamomu dvizheniyu.

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Starlab, Meteoveb, Bol'shaya Vselennaya i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 22 noyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 22 noyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yuzhnoi i yugo-zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 22 noyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N11 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), http://saros70.narod.ru/ (kalendar'), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 (Astronomicheskii kalendar' spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda), http://www.calsky.com/ (on-lain kalendar'), http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


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