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Solnce

Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 5 po 11 noyabrya 2018 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 5 po 11 noyabrya 2018 goda
20.10.2018 20:02 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele 5 noyabrya Luna (F= 0,04-) proidet severnee Spiki, 6 noyabrya Merkurii dostignet maksimal'noi vechernei (vostochnoi) elongacii 23 gradusa, 7 noyabrya dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda R Lisichki dostignet maksimuma bleska (7m), 8 noyabrya Luna (F= 0,02+) proidet severnee Yupitera, 9 noyabrya Luna (F= 0,04+) proidet severnee Merkuriya, a Merkurii proidet v 2 gradusah severnee Antaresa. V konce nedeli Luna (F= 0,15+) proidet severnee Saturna.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy umen'shaetsya do 17 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote - do 8 chasov 30 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca za opisyvaemyi period uvelichivaetsya do 32,31 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Vesov. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu novoluniya 7 noyabrya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Devy, Vesov, Skorpiona, Zmeenosca i Strel'ca, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,1- do 0, a zatem do 0,2+ i umen'shaya sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Devy. 5 noyabrya staryi mesyac proidet severnee Spiki, a 6 noyabrya - severnee Venery. K koncu dnya 6 noyabrya Luna dostignet sozvezdiya Vesov pri faze okolo 0. V sozvezdii Vesov Luna primet fazu novoluniya 7 noyabrya i vyidet na vechernee nebo bliz Yupitera, severnee kotorogo proidet 8 noyabrya pri faze 0,02+. Postepenno uvelichivaya fazu, Luna 9 noyabrya budet nahodit'sya v sozvezdii Skorpiona, v etot zhe den' pereidya v sozvezdie Zmeenosca, nahodyas' severnee Merkuriya i Antaresa nizko nad gorizontom. Luchshie usloviya dlya nablyudenii etogo soedineniya budut v yuzhnyh raionah. 10 noyabrya tonkii lunnyi serp pri faze 0,1+ vstupit vo vladeniya sozvezdiya Strel'ca, gde sblizitsya s Saturnom pri faze 0,15+ 11 noyabrya (bliz maksimal'nogo skloneniya k yugu ot nebesnogo ekvatora). Fazy Luny na dannoe vremya i na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii i Yupiter nablyudayutsya na fone vechernei zari, Venera vidna na fone utrennei zari, a Mars i Saturn mozhno nablyudat' v vechernie chasy. Uran i Neptun vidny vsyu noch'. Podrobnye efemeridy i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet dayutsya v pechatnoi versii AK_2018 na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1364103. Efemeridy planet na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya takzhe na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/ephemeris.html .

Iz komet hvostataya strannica P/Stephan-Oterma (38P) peremeshaetsya po sozvezdiyu Bliznecov. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na noyabr', a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2018 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkimi i udobnymi dlya nablyudenii na dannoi nedele budut: Vesta (7,8m) v sozvezdii Strel'ca i Yunona (7,5m) v sozvezdii Eridana.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd (po dannym AAVSO), nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: Y Perseya 8,4m - 5 noyabrya, R Gerkulesa 8,8m - 6 noyabrya, X Kita 8,8m - 7 noyabrya, R Lisichki 8,1m - 7 noyabrya.

Nekotorye blizkie pary svetil: Luna - Spika, Luna - Yupiter, Luna - Merkurii, Luna - Antares, Luna - Saturn, Venera - Spika, Merkurii - Yupiter, Merkurii - Antares, Yupiter - Antares, Saturn - M20, Uran - omikron Ryb, Neptun - lyambda Vodoleya.

Obzor tumannyh nebesnyh ob'ektov mesyaca - v zhurnale Nebosvod . Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Eto interesno! Predydushee polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie imelo mesto: 5 noyabrya - v 0161 godu, 6 noyabrya - v 1771 godu, 7 noyabrya - v 0747 godu, 8 noyabrya - v 1798 godu, 9 noyabrya - v 1836 godu, 10 noyabrya - v 1444 godu, 11 noyabrya - v 1482 godu. Bol'she vsego (za proshedshie dve tysyachi let) polnyh zatmenii v eti dni bylo 6, 8 i 11 noyabrya (po 5 zatmenii ), a men'she vsego 5 noyabrya (1 zatmenie). Your Guide to the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse

Svedeniya ob astronomicheskih yavleniyah proshlogo i tekushego stoletii mozhno naiti v Astronomicheskom kalendare-spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Skorpiona (bliz Yupitera), 7 noyabrya perehodya v sozvezdie Zmeenosca. Merkurii nablyudaetsya na fone vechernei zari. Elongaciya bystroi planety imeet znachenie bolee 23 gradusov. Eto oznachaet, chto Merkurii nahoditsya v svoei vechernei (vostochnoi) elongacii v dannyi period vidimosti. Uglovye razmery planety uvelichivayutsya ot 6,4 do 7,4 sekund dugi pri bleske okolo -0m i faze, umen'shayusheisya ot 0,7 do 0,5. V teleskop planeta vidna v vide krohotnogo ovala, perehodyashego v poludisk. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 1,05 do 0,91 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2018 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2018 god . Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2018.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Devy, k koncu nedeli sblizhayas' so Spikoi do polutora gradusov. Venera vidna na fone utrennei zari, imeya status Utrennei zvezdy. Tonkii serp planety mozhno razglyadet' dazhe v binokl', a v teleskop Venera vidna vo vsem ee velikolepii! Elongaciya planety uvelichivaetsya k koncu nedeli ot 15 do 24 gradusov. Vidimyi diametr Venery umen'shaetsya ot 60 do 55 uglovyh sekund, a blesk uvelichivaetsya ot -4,2m do -4,4m pri faze okolo 0,05. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi uvelichivaetsya ot 0,28 do 0,30 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2018.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Kozeroga, v nachale nedeli sblizhayas' so zvezdoi del'ta (2,8m) etogo sozvezdiya do polgradusa. Planetu mozhno nablyudat' v vechernie i nochnye chasy v yuzhnoi chasti neba v vide yarkoi krasnovatoi zvezdy. Blesk Marsa snizhaetsya do -0,3m, a vidimyi diametr - ot 11,5 do 10,8 sekund dugi. Idet blagopriyatnyi period nablyudenii Marsa. V teleskop mozhno rassmotret' disk s detalyami poverhnosti planety. Fotografirovanie planety s nalozheniem izobrazhenii pri pomoshi programmnogo obespecheniya, dadut luchshii rezul'tat po sravneniyu s vizual'nymi nablyudeniyami. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei uvelichivaetsya ot 0,82 do 0,86 a.e.. 27 iyulya Mars proshel velikoe protivostoyanie (kotoroe byvaet raz v 17 let). Stat'ya ob etom astronomicheskom sobytii imeetsya v zhurnale Nebosvod za yanvar' 2018 goda i na Astronet. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2018.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vesov, postepenno sblizhayas' s Antaresom. Yupiter nablyudaetsya v luchah zahodyashego Solnca. Uglovoi diametr planety umen'shaetsya do 31,1 sekund dugi pri bleske okolo -1,7m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli, vozrastayushem za nedelyu do 6,33 a.e.. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i nekotorye drugie detali. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na noyabr'. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2018.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Planetu mozhno nablyudat' na fone vechernei zari. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,5m, a uglovoi diametr umen'shaetsya do 15,5 sekund dugi. V teleskop vidno kol'co planety i samyi yarkii sputnik Titan (8m). Drugie otnositel'no yarkie sputniki Saturna mozhno razglyadet' v teleskopy s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 100 mm. Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna uvelichivaetsya do 10,72 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2018.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +5,8, d= 3,4 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya popyatno v sozvezdii Ovna (u granic s sozvezdiem Kita i Ryb), bliz zvezdy omikron Psc (4,2m). Uran mozhno nablyudat' vsyu noch'. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom uvelichivaetsya za nedelyu ot 18,90 do 18,93 a.e.. V otsutstvii Luny i zasvetki pri prozrachnom nebe planetu mozhno naiti nevooruzhennym glazom. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2018.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +7,9, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) peremeshaetsya popyatno po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya bliz zvezdy lyambda Aqr (3,7m). Neptun viden vsyu noch', a naiti ego mozhno pri pomoshi binoklya ili teleskopa. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom uvelichivaetsya ot 29,41 do 29,52 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2018.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca (levee trio zvezd pi, omikron i ksi Sgr) na rasstoyanii okolo 34 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - v zhurnale Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

    
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)   r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.    
Cerera (1)    
 5 Nov 2018  13h48m46.69s  - 4 00.036'  2.616   3.549  8.7  16.9  66.31 112.0 Vir    
 9 Nov 2018  13h55m20.91s  - 4 39.398'  2.618   3.535  8.7  19.0  66.01 111.6 Vir    
Pallada (2)    
 5 Nov 2018  11h49m26.01s  - 5 22.183'  2.215   2.836  9.1  42.9  68.62  98.0 Vir    
 9 Nov 2018  11h56m40.46s  - 5 36.820'  2.221   2.807  9.1  45.1  67.74  97.4 Vir    
Yunona (3)    
 5 Nov 2018   4h01m58.82s  - 1 34.641'  1.987   1.050  7.5 153.4  33.52 219.8 Eri    
 9 Nov 2018   3h59m31.52s  - 2 14.104'  1.985   1.042  7.5 155.3  33.89 226.2 Eri    
Vesta (4)    
 5 Nov 2018  19h18m09.12s  -25 16.559'  2.235   2.458  7.8  65.4  64.65  84.6 Sgr    
 9 Nov 2018  19h25m47.60s  -25 05.972'  2.238   2.504  7.8  63.1  65.67  83.7 Sgr    
Geba (6)    
 5 Nov 2018   6h53m03.26s  + 4 13.805'  2.108   1.468  9.2 116.7  13.33 134.9 Mon    
 9 Nov 2018   6h53m47.52s  + 3 59.661'  2.116   1.437  9.1 120.2   9.27 152.4 Mon    
    
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,      
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),      
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),     
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie      

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2018 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii noyabrya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na noyabr', Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2018 god, Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike i kalendare Salsky .

05 noyabrya, utro - Luna (F= 0,04-) bliz Spiki i Venery.

06 noyabrya, 12 chasov 00 minut - Merkurii dostigaet maksimal'noi vechernei (vostochnoi) elongacii 23 gradusa

07 noyabrya, 16 chasov 02 minut - Novolunie.

08 noyabrya, vecher - Luna (F= 0,02+) bliz Yupitera.

09 noyabrya, vecher - Luna (F= 0,04+) bliz Merkuriya.

10 noyabrya i vsyu nedelyu, vecher - Merkurii bliz Antaresa.

11 noyabrya, vecher - Luna (F= 0,15+) bliz Saturna.

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Starlab, Meteoveb, Bol'shaya Vselennaya i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 8 noyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 8 noyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yuzhnoi i yugo-zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 8 noyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N11 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), http://saros70.narod.ru/ (kalendar'), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 (Astronomicheskii kalendar' spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda), http://www.calsky.com/ (on-lain kalendar'), http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


Publikacii s klyuchevymi slovami: astronomicheskaya nedelya - lyubitel'skaya astronomiya - nebo - nevooruzhennym glazom
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