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Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 5 po 11 marta 2018 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 5 po 11 marta 2018 goda
16.02.2018 8:50 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele maksimuma bleska dostigaet dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda W Andromedy (6,5m), 7 marta proidet Luna (F= 0,7-) bliz Yupitera, a 9 marta Yupiter dostignet stoyaniya s perehodom k popyatnomu dvizheniyu. V etot zhe den' Luna primet fazu poslednei chetverti, a dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda S Malogo Psa okazhetsya v maksimume bleska (6,5m). 10 marta Merkurii proidet perigelii svoei orbity, a Luna (F= 0,45-) sblizitsya s Marsom. Na sleduyushii den' Luna (F= 0,35-) proidet bliz Saturna pri maksimal'nom sklonenii k yugu ot nebesnogo ekvatora i okolo apogeya svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 404680 km ot centra Zemli.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy uvelichivaetsya do 30 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote - do 11 chasov 30 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca za opisyvaemyi period umen'shitsya do 32,20 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya. Dannye o Solnce na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu poslednei chetverti 9 marta. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Devy, Vesov, Skorpiona, Zmeenosca i Strel'ca, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,9- do 0,3- i umen'shaya sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Devy, proidya severnee zvezdy Spika. Pereidya pri faze 0,82- v sozvezdie Vesov 6 marta, Luna na sleduyushii den' proidet severnee Yupitera (bliz al'fa Vesov) pri faze 0,7-. 8 marta lunnyi oval pri faze menee 0,65- posetit sozvezdie Skorpiona, a zatem vstupit vo vladeniya sozvezdiya Zmeenosca. Zdes' Luna 9 marta primet fazu poslednei chetverti, nablyudayas' v predrassvetnye chasy nizko nad yugo-vostochnym gorizontom. 10 marta bol'shoi lunnyi serp pri faze 0,4- pereidet v sozvezdie Strel'ca, gde proidet severnee Saturna (F= 0,35-) 11 marta (bliz maksimal'nogo skloneniya k yugu ot nebesnogo ekvatora i apogeya svoei orbity). Faza Luny na tekushii moment. Fazy Luny na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii i Veneru mozhno naiti na fone vechernei zari, Mars, Yupiter i Saturn vidny v utrennie chasy, Uran mozhno naiti v binokl' ili teleskop na vechernem nebe, a Neptun pereshel na utrennee nebo, no ego vidimost' nachnetsya tol'ko v aprele. Podrobnye efemeridy planet i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet dayutsya v pechatnoi versii AK_2018 na http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1364103 . Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya takzhe na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/ephemeris.html .

Iz komet hvostataya strannica C/2016 R2 ( PanSTARRS ) vidna v sozvezdii Perseya , imeya blesk okolo 11m. Kometa PANSTARRS (C/2016 M1) dvizhetsya po sozvezdiyu Orla pri bleske okolo 12m. Nabiraet yarkost' kometa 185P/Petriew (11m). Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na mart, a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2018 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkimi i udobnymi dlya nablyudenii na dannoi nedele budut: Cerera (7,5m) v sozvezdii Raka i Vesta (7,3m) v sozvezdii Zmeenosca.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd (po dannym AAVSO), nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: W Andromedy 7,4m - 5 marta, ST Strel'ca 9,0m - 8 marta, S Malogo Psa 7,5m - 9 marta, V Raka 7,9m - 11 marta, X Del'fina 9,0m - 11 marta

Iz osnovnyh meteornyh potokov aktivnyh net.

Nekotorye blizkie pary svetil: Luna - Spika, Luna - Yupiter, Luna - Antares, Luna - Mars, Luna - Saturn, Merkurii - Venera, Mars - Antares, Mars - Saturn, Yupiter - al'fa Vesov, Venera - Merkurii, Uran - omikron Ryb, Neptun - lyambda Vodoleya.

Obzor tumannyh nebesnyh ob'ektov mesyaca - v zhurnale Nebosvod . Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Eto interesno! Predydushee polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie imelo mesto: 5 marta - v 1448 godu, 6 marta - v 1467 godu, 7 marta v 1970 godu, 8 marta - v 1644 godu, 9 marta - v 2016 godu, 10 marta - v 1141 godu, 11 marta - v 0183 godu. Bol'she vsego (za proshedshie dve tysyachi let) polnyh zatmenii v eti dni bylo 9 marta (8 zatmenii), a men'she vsego 11 marta (1 zatmenie). Your Guide to the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse

Astronomicheskie yavleniya proshlogo i tekushego stoletii imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ryb bliz Venery. Merkurii nablyudaetsya na fone vechernei zari v techenie chasa. Uglovoe rasstoyanie k vostoku ot Solnca uvelichivaetsya do 17 gradusov k koncu nedeli. Uglovye razmery planety dostigayut 6,4 sekund dugi pri bleske okolo -1m i faze umen'shayusheisya do 0,64. V teleskop mozhno uvidet' nebol'shoi oval (s detalyami pri horoshei prozrachnosti neba). Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 1,18 do 1,02 a.e.. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2018 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2018 god . Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2018.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Ryb. Planeta nahoditsya na vechernem nebe, postepenno otdalyayas' ot Solnca do 15 gradusov k koncu nedeli. Luchshie usloviya dlya ee nablyudenii imeyutsya v yuzhnyh raionah strany, no i v srednih i dazhe severnyh shirotah, ee mozhno naiti na fone vechernei zari. Vidimyi diametr planety priderzhivaetsya znacheniya 10 uglovyh sekund, a blesk sostavlyaet -4,0m pri faze okolo 1. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi priderzhivaetsya znacheniya 1,65 a.e. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2018.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Zmeenosca, v konce nedeli perehodya v sozvezdie Strel'ca. Mars mozhno nablyudat' v utrennie chasy v yugo-vostochnoi i yuzhnoi chasti neba (levee Yupitera). Blesk planety dostigaet +0,6m, a vidimyi diametr - 7,2 sekund dugi. V teleskop s bol'shim uvelicheniem mozhno rassmotret' disk s naibolee krupnymi detalyami. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 1,36 do 1,29 a.e. V etom godu 27 iyulya Mars dostignet velikogo protivostoyaniya (raz 17 let). Stat'ya ob etom sobytii imeetsya v zhurnale Nebosvod za yanvar' 2018 goda. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2018.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vesov bliz zvezdy al'fa Vesov. Yupiter nablyudaetsya na nochnom i utrennem nebe okolo shesti chasov. Uglovoi diametr planety dostigaet 40,4 sekund dugi pri bleske -2m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli ot 4,99 do 4,88 a.e.. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali, a takzhe pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na mart. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2018.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Saturn mozhno nablyudat' na utrennem nebe bolee dvuh chasov. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,6m, a uglovoi diametr - okolo 16 sekund dugi. V teleskop vidno kol'co planety i samyi yarkii sputnik Titan (8m). Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna umen'shaetsya za nedelyu ot 10,42 do 10,30 a.e. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2018.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +5,9, d= 3,3 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem v sozvezdii Ryb (u granic s sozvezdiem Kita i Ovna) bliz zvezdy omikron Psc (4,2m). Uran viden po vecheram. Dlya rassmotreniya diska planety ponadobitsya teleskop s uvelicheniem ot 80 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom uvelichivaetsya za nedelyu ot 20,62 do 20,70 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2018.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +7,9, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya bliz zvezdy lyambda Aqr (3,7m). Neptun zakonchil vechernyuyu vidimost'. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom priderzhivaetsya 30,93 a.e.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2018.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca (bliz trio zvezd pi, omikron i ksi Sgr) na rasstoyanii okolo 34 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty .

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

   
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)     r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.   
Cerera (1)   
 5 Mar 2018   8h45m37.65s  +32 06.369'  2.563   1.730  7.4 139.1  15.40 270.5 Cnc   
 9 Mar 2018   8h43m55.17s  +32 05.012'  2.562   1.762  7.5 135.1  11.80 261.1 Cnc   
Pallada (2)   
 5 Mar 2018   3h32m53.67s  -13 24.635'  2.266   2.460  9.0  67.1  63.15  59.9 Eri   
 9 Mar 2018   3h38m59.43s  -12 34.190'  2.259   2.487  9.0  65.3  64.84  61.1 Eri   
Vesta (4)   
 5 Mar 2018  17h21m47.67s  -17 18.614'  2.164   2.042  7.4  83.3  55.54  92.9 Oph   
 9 Mar 2018  17h27m53.09s  -17 22.569'  2.162   1.994  7.4  85.8  53.53  92.3 Oph   
Irida (7)   
 5 Mar 2018   3h53m18.33s  +19 12.947'  1.941   1.923  9.7  76.2  73.15  81.7 Tau   
 9 Mar 2018   4h01m32.42s  +19 29.388'  1.949   1.971  9.7  74.1  73.97  82.2 Tau   
   
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,     
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),     
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),    
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie     

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli.

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2018 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii marta mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na mart, Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2018 god, Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike i kalendare Salsky .

05 marta, noch' - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda W Andromedy bliz maksimuma bleska (6,5m).

06 marta, utro - Luna (F= 0,8-) bliz zvezdy Spika.

07 marta, utro - Luna (F= 0,7-) bliz Yupitera.

08 marta, vecher - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda S Malogo Psa bliz maksimuma bleska (6,5m).

09 marta 09 chasov 00 minut - Yupiter v stoyanii s perehodom k popyatnomu dvizheniyu.

09 marta, 11 chasov 20 minut - Luna v faze poslednei chetverti.

10 marta, utro - Luna (F= 0,7-) bliz Marsa i Antaresa.

11 marta, 09 chasov 22 minuty - Luna (F= 0,32-) v apogee svoei orbity na rasstoyanii 404680 km ot centra Zemli (bliz Saturna).

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Starlab, Meteoveb, Bol'shaya Vselennaya i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid yugo-vostochnoi i yuzhnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 8 marta v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yugo-vostochnoi i yuzhnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 8 marta v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yuzhnoi i yugo-zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 8 marta v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

 

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya 03 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), http://saros70.narod.ru/ (kalendar'), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 (Astronomicheskii kalendar' spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda), http://www.calsky.com/ (on-lain kalendar'), http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


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