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Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 8 po 14 yanvarya 2018 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 8 po 14 yanvarya 2018 goda
5.01.2018 10:01 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele (spokoinoi v astronomicheskom otnoshenii) Luna primet fazu poslednei chetverti, a Venera proidet verhnee soedinenie s Solncem. V seredine nedeli Luna (F= 0,27-) proidet bliz Yupitera i Marsa, a takzhe pokroet zvezdu gamma Vesov (3,9m), a dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda omikron Kita (Mira) dostignet maksimuma bleska (3,5m). V konce nedeli Merkurii proidet v 0,6 gr. k yugu Saturna.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy uvelichivaetsya do 13 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote - do 7 chasov 40 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca za opisyvaemyi period umen'shitsya do 32,52 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Vid poverhnosti Solnca na tekushee vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu poslednei chetverti 8 yanvarya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya Devy, Vesov, Skorpiona, Zmeenosca i Strel'ca, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,6- do 0,1- i umen'shaya sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii Devy. Zdes' 8 yanvarya Luna primet fazu poslednei chetverti bliz zvezdy Spiki. Pereidya pri faze 0,35- v sozvezdie Vesov 10 yanvarya, Luna proidet v etot zhe den' severnee Yupitera i Marsa (bliz al'fa Vesov) pri faze 0,27-. 12 yanvarya tonkii serp (F= 0,2-) dostignet sozvezdiya Skorpiona, a 13 yanvarya vstupit vo vladeniya sozvezdiya Zmeenosca, nablyudayas' v rassvetnye chasy nad yugo-vostochnym gorizontom. 14 yanvarya stareyushii mesyac pri faze menee 0,1- pereidet v sozvezdie Strel'ca, gde proidet severnee Merkuriya i Saturna utrom 15 yanvarya (bliz maksimal'nogo skloneniya k yugu ot nebesnogo ekvatora i apogeya svoei orbity). Faza Luny na tekushii moment. Fazy Luny na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Venera ne vidna, Merkurii i Saturn nablyudayutsya na fone utrennei zari. Mars i Yupiter vidny v utrennie chasy, a Uran i Neptun mozhno naiti v binokl' ili teleskop na vechernem i nochnom nebe. Podrobnye efemeridy planet i karty dvizheniya bol'shih planet dayutsya v pechatnoi versii Astronomicheskogo kalendarya na 2018 god . Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya takzhe na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/ephemeris.html

Iz komet hvostataya strannica C/2017 O1 (ASASSN1) pri bleske slabee 11m dvizhetsya po sozvezdiyu Cefeya. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na yanvar', a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2018 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkimi i udobnymi dlya nablyudenii na dannoi nedele budut: Cerera (7,3m) v sozvezdii L'va, Vesta (7,9m) v sozvezdii Vesov i Flora (8,2m) v sozvezdii Bliznecov.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd (po dannym AAVSO), nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: U Perseya 8,1 - 10 yanvarya, U Ovna 8,1m - 10 yanvarya, X Voznichego 8,6m - 10 yanvarya, R Ovna 8,2m - 11 yanvarya, O Kita 3,4m - 11 yanvarya, S Yuzhnoi Ryby 9,0m - 12 yanvarya.

Iz osnovnyh meteornyh potokov naibolee aktivny Kvadrantidy .

Nekotorye blizkie pary svetil: Luna - Spika, Luna - Yupiter, Luna - Mars, Luna - gamma Vesov, Luna - Antares, Luna - Saturn, Luna -Merkurii, Yupiter - al'fa Vesov, Mars - al'fa Vesov, Mars - Yupiter, Saturn - Merkurii, Merkurii - Antares, Uran - omikron Ryb, Neptun - lyambda Vodoleya, Vesta - Mars, C/2017 O1 (ASASSN1) - Polyarnaya zvezda.

Obzor tumannyh nebesnyh ob'ektov mesyaca - v zhurnale Nebosvod . Videokalendar' predstoyashih yavlenii http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Eto interesno! Predydushee polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie imelo mesto: 08 yanvarya - v 1750 godu, 09 yanvarya - v 0688 godu, 10 yanvarya - v 1377 godu, 11 yanvarya - v 1880 godu, 12 yanvarya - v 1423 godu, 13 yanvarya - v 1005 godu, 14 yanvarya - v 1926 godu. Bol'she vsego (za proshedshie dve tysyachi let) polnyh zatmenii v eti dni bylo 8,10 i 14 yanvarya (po 4 zatmeniya), a men'she vsego - 9 yanvarya (2 zatmeniya). Your Guide to the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse

Astronomicheskie yavleniya proshlogo i tekushego stoletii imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca (bliz Saturna). Merkurii nablyudaetsya na fone utrennei zari pri prodolzhitel'nosti vidimosti okolo poluchasa. Uglovoe rasstoyanie k zapadu ot Solnca umen'shaetsya do 20 gradusov k koncu nedeli. V teleskop nablyudaetsya nebol'shoi oval Merkuriya. Uglovye razmery planety imeyut znachenie okolo 5,5 sekund dugi pri bleske -0,3m i pri rastushei faze ot 0,75 do 0,83. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei uvelichivayutsya ot 1,13 do 1,23 a.e. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2018 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2018 god . Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2018.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Planeta zakonchila vidimost', a uvidet' ee na vechernem nebe mozhno budet lish' v fevrale. 9 yanvarya Venera prohodit verhnee soedinenie s Solncem i perehodit na vechernee nebo. Vidimyi diametr planety priderzhivaetsya znacheniya 10 uglovyh sekund, a blesk sostavlyaet -4,0m pri faze okolo 1. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi priderzhivaetsya znacheniya 1,71 a.e. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2018.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vesov. Mars mozhno nablyudat' v utrennee vremya v yugo-vostochnoi i yuzhnoi chasti neba okolo chetyreh chasov (bliz Yupitera). Blesk planety sostavlyaet +1,3m, a vidimyi diametr dostigaet 5,0 sekund dugi. V teleskop s bol'shim uvelicheniem mozhno rassmotret' disk s naibolee krupnymi detalyami. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei umen'shaetsya ot 1,90 do 1,85 a.e. V etom godu 27 iyulya Mars dostignet velikogo protivostoyaniya (raz 17 let). Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2018.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vesov bliz Marsa. Yupiter nablyudaetsya na utrennem nebe okolo chetyreh chasov. Uglovoi diametr planety dostigaet 34,2 sekund dugi pri bleske okolo -1,8m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli 5,76 a.e. v konce nedeli. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali, a takzhe pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na yanvar'. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2018.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Strel'ca. Saturn mozhno nablyudat' na fone utrennei zari bliz Merkuriya bolee poluchasa. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,5m, a uglovoi diametr - okolo 15 sekund dugi. V teleskop vidno kol'co planety i samyi yarkii sputnik Titan (8m). Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna umen'shaetsya do 10,97 a.e. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2018.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +5,8, d= 3,6 ugl. sek.) dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem v sozvezdii Ryb (u granic s sozvezdiem Kita i Ovna) bliz zvezdy omikron Psc (4,2m). Uran viden vecherom i noch'yu. Dlya rassmotreniya diska planety ponadobitsya teleskop s uvelicheniem ot 80 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Nevooruzhennym glazom planetu mozhno nablyudat' na temnom bezlunnom nebe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom uvelichivaetsya do 19,88 a.e. v konce nedeli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2018.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +7,9, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya bliz zvezdy lyambda Aqr (3,7m). Neptun nablyudaetsya v vechernee vremya. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom uvelichivaetsya do 30,60 a.e. (k koncu nedeli). Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2018.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca (bliz trio zvezd pi, omikron i ksi Sgr) na rasstoyanii okolo 34 a.e. ot Zemli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty .

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

 

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

 
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)     r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son. 
Cerera (1) 
 9 Jan 2018   9h29m38.43s  +27 09.977'  2.578   1.678  7.2 150.2  27.26 319.3 Leo 
13 Jan 2018   9h27m17.74s  +27 43.288'  2.577   1.655  7.1 154.3  29.80 314.6 Leo 
Pallada (2) 
 9 Jan 2018   2h36m34.56s  -24 36.784'  2.376   2.048  8.8  96.9  29.37  30.1 For 
13 Jan 2018   2h38m30.36s  -23 54.969'  2.367   2.080  8.8  94.4  32.48  34.3 For 
Vesta (4) 
 9 Jan 2018  15h43m07.73s  -14 07.818'  2.191   2.658  7.8  51.8  72.14 102.2 Lib 
13 Jan 2018  15h50m51.98s  -14 31.386'  2.189   2.617  7.8  54.0  71.46 101.5 Lib 
Irida (7) 
 9 Jan 2018   2h18m16.23s  +15 35.583'  1.860   1.290  8.7 109.1  46.25  84.1 Ari 
13 Jan 2018   2h23m32.48s  +15 44.285'  1.865   1.333  8.8 106.2  49.53  82.9 Ari  
Flora (8) 
 9 Jan 2018   6h44m33.62s  +21 43.222'  2.028   1.050  8.4 171.8  41.29 289.6 Gem 
13 Jan 2018   6h40m13.55s  +22 04.928'  2.035   1.065  8.6 166.8  38.66 290.0 Gem 
Massaliya (20) 
 9 Jan 2018   5h20m25.20s  +21 56.776'  2.069   1.147  9.0 152.4  23.32 266.9 Tau 
13 Jan 2018   5h18m00.60s  +21 55.060'  2.069   1.169  9.1 147.8  18.52 267.3 Tau 
 
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,   
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),   
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),  
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie   

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli.

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya vsemirnoe. Na saite Sergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2018 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii yanvarya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na yanvar', Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2018 god, Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike i kalendare Salsky .

08 yanvarya, 22 chas 25 minut - Luna v faze poslednei chetverti.

09 yanvarya, 06 chasov 00 minut - Venera v verhnem soedinenii s Solncem.

10 yanvarya, vecher - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda omikron Kita (Mira) bliz maksimuma bleska (3,5m).

11 yanvarya, 20 chasov 30 minut - Pokrytie Lunoi (F= 0,23-) zvezdy gamma Vesov (bliz Marsa i Yupitera) pri vidimosti na vostoke strany.

12 yanvarya, utro - Luna (F= 0,2-) bliz asteroida Vesta.

13 yanvarya, 06 chasov 00 minut - Merkurii prohodit v 0,6 gr. k yugu Saturna.

14 yanvarya, utro - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda S Yuzhnoi Ryby bliz maksimuma bleska (7,5m).

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Starlab, Meteoveb, Bol'shaya Vselennaya i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid yugo-vostochnoi i yuzhnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 11 yanvarya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yugo-vostochnoi i yuzhnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 11 yanvarya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yuzhnoi i yugo-zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 11 yanvarya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

 

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N01 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), http://saros70.narod.ru/ (kalendar'), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 (Astronomicheskii kalendar' spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda), http://www.calsky.com/ (on-lain kalendar'), http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


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