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Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 13 po 19 noyabrya 2017 goda Astronomicheskaya nedelya s 13 po 19 noyabrya 2017 goda
10.11.2017 17:02 | Aleksandr Kozlovskii

Na dannoi nedele dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda RS Vesov dostignet maksimuma bleska (6,5m), 13 noyabrya proizoidet pokrytie Lunoi (F= 0,27-) zvezdy sigma L'va (4,1m) pri vidimosti na bol'shei chasti territorii Rossii i SNG, i v etot zhe den' Venera proidet v 0,3 gr. severnee Yupitera. V seredine nedeli Luna (F= 0,1-) proidet bliz Marsa, a kometa P/Schaumasse (24P) dostignet perigeliya svoei orbity (1,206203 a.e.). 17 noyabrya Luna (F= 0,02-) proidet bliz Venery i Yupitera, i v etot zhe den' nastupit maksimum deistviya meteornogo potoka Leonidy (ZHR= 20) bliz novoluniya.

Solnce. Maksimal'naya vysota dnevnogo svetila nad gorizontom na shirote Moskvy umen'shaetsya k koncu nedeli do 14 gradusov, a dolgota dnya na toi zhe shirote - do 8 chasov 00 minut. Vidimyi diametr Solnca za opisyvaemyi period uvelichitsya do 32,36 minut dugi, a dvizhetsya ono po sozvezdiyu Vesov. Tekushie dannye o Solnce i vid ego poverhnosti na dannoe vremya.

Luna. Estestvennyi sputnik Zemli vstupaet v fazu novoluniya 18 noyabrya. Luna v svoem dvizhenii po nebesnoi sfere posetit sozvezdiya L'va, Devy, Vesov, Skorpiona i Zmeenosca, izmenyaya fazu ot 0,3- do 0 i umen'shaya sklonenie, a takzhe vysotu verhnei kul'minacii. Nachalo nedeli nochnoe svetilo provedet v sozvezdii L'va. V pervyi den' nedeli stareyushii mesyac pereidet v sozvezdie Devy. Zdes' tayushii serp 15 noyabrya pri faze okolo 0,1- proidet severnee Marsa, a zatem i Spiki. Pereidya v sozvezdie Vesov 16 noyabrya, Luna proidet severnee Yupitera i Venery 17 noyabrya pri faze 0,02-, a 18 noyabrya primet fazu novoluniya i pereidet na vechernee nebo. V etot zhe den' molodoi mesyac pereidet v sozvezdie Skorpiona, a 19 noyabrya v sozvezdie Zmeenosca, nablyudayas' nizko nad yugo-zapadnym gorizontom. Faza Luny na tekushii moment. Fazy Luny na budushee.

Iz planet Solnechnoi sistemy: Merkurii luchshe vsego viden v yuzhnyh raionah strany, Venera i Mars nablyudayutsya v utrennih sumerkah (kak i Yupiter), Saturn mozhno nablyudat' v vechernih sumerkah, a Uran i Neptun vidny v vechernee i nochnoe vremya. Podrobnye efemeridy planet i karty dvizheniya dayutsya v pechatnoi versii Astronomicheskogo kalendarya na 2017 god . Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya takzhe na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/ephemeris.html

Iz komet hvostataya strannica C/2017 O1 (ASASSN1) pri bleske okolo 10m dvizhetsya po sozvezdiyam Zhirafa i Cefeya. Kometa P/Machholz (96P) bystro teryaet blesk i nahoditsya blizko k Solncu, dvigayas' po sozvezdiyam Vesov i Skorpiona. Karty putei komet i asteroidov na mesyac imeyutsya v KN na noyabr', a na drugie periody - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2017 god. Podrobnye svedeniya o kometah nedeli i mesyaca (s kartami i prognozami bleska) privodyatsya na http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html , a rezul'taty nablyudenii na http://195.209.248.207/ .

Sredi asteroidov naibolee yarkimi i udobnymi dlya nablyudenii na dannoi nedele budut imet': Cerera (8,3m) v sozvezdii Raka, Pallada (8,2m) v sozvezdii Pechi i Irida (7,2m) v sozvezdii Ovna.

Iz otnositel'no yarkih (do 9,0m fotograficheskogo bleska) dolgoperiodicheskih peremennyh zvezd (po dannym AAVSO), nablyudaemyh s territorii nashei strany, maksimuma bleska dostignut: RS Vesov 7,5m - 13 noyabrya, RU Lebedya 8,0m - 13 noyabrya, W Severnoi Korony 8,5m - 15 noyabrya, W Liry 7,9m - 15 noyabrya, R Kita 8,1m - 16 noyabrya, R Golubya 8,9m - 18 noyabrya.

Iz osnovnyh meteornyh potokov naibolee aktivny Yuzhnye i Severnye Tauridy i Leonidy .

Nekotorye blizkie pary svetil: Luna - Mars, Luna - Venera, Luna - Yupiter, Luna - Regul, Luna - Antares, Venera - Mars, Venera - Yupiter, Venera - Spika, Yupiter - Spika, Mars - Porrima, Venera - Vesta, Saturn - Antares, Merkurii - Antares, Uran - omikron Ryb, Neptun - lyambda Vodoleya, Irida - al'fa Ovna.

Obzor tumannyh nebesnyh ob'ektov mesyaca - v zhurnale Nebosvod . Videokalendar' na mesyac http://www.youtube.com/user/AstroSmit i http://www.youtube.com/c/AstroMich .

Nedel'nyi obzor ot zhurnala "Skai end Teleskop", no nuzhno uchityvat', chto kartinki dayutsya dlya 40 severnoi shiroty, a polozhenie Luny i planet na 7 chasov pozdnee otnositel'no moskovskogo vremeni!

Yasnogo neba i uspeshnyh nablyudenii!

Eto interesno! Predydushee polnoe solnechnoe zatmenie imelo mesto: 13 noyabrya - v 2012 godu, 14 noyabrya - v 1659 godu, 15 noyabrya - v 1686 godu, 16 noyabrya - v 0179 godu, 17 noyabrya - v 1789 godu, 18 noyabrya - v 1332 godu, 19 noyabrya - v 1816 godu. Bol'she vsego (za proshedshie dve tysyachi let) polnyh zatmenii v eti dni bylo 17 noyabrya (8 zatmenii!), a men'she vsego - 16 noyabrya (1 zatmenie). Your Guide to the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse

Astronomicheskie yavleniya proshlogo i tekushego stoletii imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike na Astronet http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 .

Planety

Merkurii. Planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Zmeenosca. Merkurii nahoditsya na vechernem nebe (pri elongacii 21 gradus k koncu nedeli). Nablyudat' ego mozhno nizko nad yugo-zapadnym gorizontom. Uglovye razmery planety priderzhivayutsya znacheniya 6 sekund dugi pri bleske okolo -0,4m i faze okolo 0,75. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Merkuriem i Zemlei umen'shaetsya k koncu nedeli ot 1,23 do 1,10 a.e. Polozheniya planety vo vremya vseh elongacii 2017 goda imeyutsya v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2017 god, a dlya 2018 goda - v Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2018 god. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Messendzher. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mercury2017.html

Venera. Planeta dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vesov. Utrennyaya zvezda vidna na fone zari u vostochnogo gorizonta. V teleskop nablyudaetsya disk planety. Uglovoe rasstoyanie Venery ot Solnca umen'shaetsya za nedelyu ot 14 do 12 gradusov. Vidimyi diametr planety priderzhivaetsya znacheniya 10,2 uglovyh sekund, a blesk sostavlyaet -3,9m pri faze okolo 1. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Veneroi uvelichivaetsya za nedelyu ot 1,64 do 1,66 a.e. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Venera-Ekspress. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/venus2017.html

Mars. Zagadochnaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Devy. Mars mozhno nablyudat' na fone utrennei zari u vostochnogo gorizonta. Blesk planety sostavlyaet +1,7m, a vidimyi diametr - okolo 4 sekundy dugi. V teleskop s bol'shim uvelicheniem mozhno rassmotret' disk s naibolee krupnymi detalyami. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Marsom i Zemlei umen'shaetsya do 2,29 a.e. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - MSL Curiosity. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/mars2017.html

Yupiter. Gazovyi gigant dvizhetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Vesov. Yupiter nablyudaetsya na fone utrennei zari. Uglovoi diametr planety sostavlyaet okolo 30 sekund dugi pri bleske okolo -1,7m i rasstoyanii ot Zemli 6,36 a.e. v konce nedeli. V nebol'shoi teleskop mozhno razglyadet' polosy na diske planety (parallel'no ekvatoru) i drugie detali, a takzhe pokrytiya sputnikov planetoi, zatmeniya i prohozhdeniya ih pered planetoi. Konfiguracii sputnikov Yupitera imeyutsya v KN na noyabr'. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Galileo. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/jupiter2017.html

Saturn. Okol'covannaya planeta peremeshaetsya v odnom napravlenii s Solncem po sozvezdiyu Zmeenosca, v konce nedeli perehodya v sozvezdie Strel'ca. Saturn mozhno nablyudat' vecherom u yugo-zapadnogo gorizonta. Blesk planety imeet znachenie +0,5m, a uglovoi diametr - okolo 15,5 sekund dugi. Iz-za nizkogo polozheniya nad gorizontom izobrazhenie Saturna v pole zreniya teleskopa zamyvaetsya atmosfernymi potokami. Tem ne menee, mozhno nablyudat' i kol'co (pri naklone k nablyudatelyu pod uglom 27 gradusov), a iz sputnikov naibolee dostupen Titan (8,0m). Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do Saturna uvelichivaetsya za nedelyu do 10,92 a.e. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Kassini. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/saturn2017.html

Uran. Planeta (m= +5,7, d= 3,6 ugl. sek) dvizhetsya popyatno v sozvezdii Ryb (u granic s sozvezdiem Kita i Ovna) bliz zvezdy omikron Psc (4,2m). Uran viden vecherom i noch'yu. Karta puti planety v techenie goda. Dlya rassmotreniya diska planety ponadobitsya teleskop s uvelicheniem ot 80 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Nevooruzhennym glazom planetu mozhno nablyudat' na temnom bezlunnom nebe (luchshe vsego bliz verhnei kul'minacii). Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Uranom uvelichivaetsya do 19,07 a.e. v konce nedeli.. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/uranus2017.html

Neptun. Planeta (m= +7,9, d= 2,3 ugl. sek.) peremeshaetsya popyatno (priblizhayas' k stoyaniyu) po sozvezdiyu Vodoleya bliz zvezdy lyambda Aqr (3,7m). Neptun nablyudaetsya vecherom i noch'yu. Karta puti planety v techenie goda. Disk planety razlichim v instrument s uvelicheniem ot 100 krat (pri ideal'nyh usloviyah) i vyshe. Rasstoyanie mezhdu Zemlei i Neptunom uvelichivaetsya do 29,69 a.e. (k koncu nedeli). Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Voyadzher-2. Efemeridy planety na kazhdyi den' imeyutsya na http://astropixels.com/ephemeris/planets/neptune2017.html

Pluton. Karlikovaya planeta ili plutoid (+14,5m) nahoditsya v sozvezdii Strel'ca (bliz trio zvezd pi, omikron i ksi Sgr) na rasstoyanii 34,08 a.e. ot Zemli k koncu nedeli. Dlya vizual'nyh nablyudenii Plutona neobhodim teleskop s diametrom ob'ektiva ot 250 mm (v periody nailuchshei vidimosti) i prozrachnoe nebo, a ideal'noe mesto dlya ego nablyudenii - v ekvatorial'noi oblasti Zemli. Kosmicheskie issledovaniya - Novye Gorizonty .

Obzornye stat'i o planetah i malyh telah Solnechnoi sistemy - Nebosvod 12 za 2008 god i 1 - 8 za 2009 god.

Dopolnitel'no http://galspace.spb.ru (vse o planetah) i http://astro.websib.ru (raznoobraznaya spravochnaya astroinformaciya)

 

Efemeridy nekotoryh asteroidov nedeli na 0 chasov vsemirnogo vremeni (dannye GUIDE 8.0)

    
Data          a(2000.0)      d(2000.0)     r      delta   m  elon.   V      PA  son.    
Cerera (1)    
16 Nov 2017  09h17m29.96s  +22 39' 47.5"  2.601   2.261  8.3  98.7  30.74  84.4 Cnc    
21 Nov 2017  09h21m40.57s  +22 47' 22.1"  2.599   2.195  8.2 102.8  27.51  80.4 Cnc    
Pallada (2)    
16 Nov 2017  02h51m33.99s  -27 17' 04.4"  2.500   1.715  8.2 133.4  32.92 236.6 For    
21 Nov 2017  02h47m32.89s  -27 47' 41.7"  2.488   1.732  8.3 130.3  28.64 244.2 For     
Vesta (4)    
16 Nov 2017  13h57m38.17s  -06 33' 31.8"  2.231   3.093  7.9  24.4  76.61 109.8 Vir    
21 Nov 2017  14h07m19.83s  -07 24' 37.1"  2.227   3.063  7.9  26.9  76.49 109.2 Vir    
Irida (7)    
16 Nov 2017  01h53m39.82s  +18 51' 37.9"  1.834   0.877  7.2 158.5  27.98 217.1 Ari    
21 Nov 2017  01h51m41.00s  +18 08' 19.8"  1.834   0.897  7.4 153.1  23.62 208.0 Ari    
Flora (8)    
16 Nov 2017  07h21m43.29s  +17 51' 08.3"  1.944   1.209  9.3 124.0   9.25  72.0 Gem    
21 Nov 2017  07h22m27.27s  +17 58' 31.2"  1.951   1.172  9.2 128.9   4.82  19.1 Gem    
Massaliya (20)    
16 Nov 2017  06h06m33.70s  +22 31' 28.5"  2.097   1.227  9.3 142.0  11.15 262.9 Gem    
21 Nov 2017  06h04m30.14s  +22 28' 45.6"  2.093   1.191  9.2 147.6  17.52 265.6 Gem    
Nysa (44)     
16 Nov 2017  02h29m28.89s  +07 55' 31.4"  2.257   1.294  9.7 162.8  34.68 255.5 Cet    
21 Nov 2017  02h25m09.83s  +07 40' 03.1"  2.250   1.307  9.8 157.0  31.11 257.5 Cet    
Dembowska (349)    
16 Nov 2017   4h40m34.36s  +29.26445 deg  2.731   1.782  9.8 159.7  30.95 278.4 Tau    
21 Nov 2017   4h35m48.75s  +29.39214 deg  2.735   1.768  9.7 165.1  33.09 275.5 Tau    
    
a  pryamoe voshozhdenie dlya epohi 2000.0,  d - sklonenie dlya epohi 2000.0,      
r -  rasstoyanie ot Solnca (a.e.),  delta -  rasstoyanie ot Zemli (a.e.),      
m -  zvezdnaya velichina, elon. - elongaciya, V -  uglovaya skorost' (sekund v chas),     
RA -  pozicionnyi ugol napravleniya dvizheniya nebesnogo tela, son. -  sozvezdie      

Izbrannye astronomicheskie yavleniya nedeli.

Vremya dlya yavlenii privoditsya moskovskoe =UT+3chasa (vsemirnoe vremya UT ukazyvaetsya otdel'no). Na saite Shttp://astronet.ru/db/msg/1235780ergeya Gur'yanova mozhno pol'zovat'sya veb-versiei AK na 2017 god s obshim obzorom zvezdnogo neba i yavlenii noyabrya mesyaca. Svedeniya ot drugih yavleniyah imeyutsya v KN na noyabr', Astronomicheskom kalendare na 2017 god, Astronomicheskom kalendare - spravochnike, kalendare Salsky i v Al'manahe .

13 noyabrya, 03 chasa 00 minut - Pokrytie Lunoi (F= 0,27-) zvezdy sigma L'va (4,1m) pri vidimosti na bol'shei chasti territorii Rossii i SNG.

14 noyabrya, utro - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda RS Vesov bliz maksimuma bleska (6,5m).

15 noyabrya, utro - Luna (F= 0,1-) bliz Marsa.

16 noyabrya, 22 chasa 13 minut (UT) - Kometa P/Schaumasse (24P) prohodit perigelii svoei orbity (1,206203 a.e.

17 noyabrya, 16 chasov 30 minut (UT) - Maksimum deistviya meteornogo potoka Leonidy (ZHR= 20).

18 noyabrya, 11 chasov 42 minuty (UT) - Novolunie.

19 noyabrya, utro - Dolgoperiodicheskaya peremennaya zvezda R Golubya bliz maksimuma bleska (7,5m).

Dopolnitel'no o yavleniyah i nablyudeniyah - na Astroforume, Starlab, Meteoveb, Bol'shaya Vselennaya i DvaStrel'ca.

Vid zvezdnogo neba v techenie nedeli v srednih shirotah (masshtab vida planet v teleskop soblyuden, sever vverhu):

Vid vostochnoi i yugo-vostochnoi chasti polunochnogo neba 16 noyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yugo-vostochnoi i yuzhnoi chasti neba za chas do voshoda Solnca 16 noyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

Vid yuzhnoi i yugo-zapadnoi chasti neba cherez chas posle zahoda Solnca 16 noyabrya v gorodah na shirote Moskvy.

 

Istochniki: Kalendar' Nablyudatelya N11 AstroKA; StarryNightBackyard 3.1 (opisatel'naya chast' i vid neba), http://saros70.narod.ru/ (kalendar'), GUIDE 8.0 (polozhenie asteroidov i komet), http://aerith.net/comet/weekly/current.html (operativnye svedeniya o kometah), http://www.imo.net (meteory), AAVSO (peremennye zvezdy), http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1388759 (Astronomicheskii kalendar' spravochnik ot 1901 do 2100 goda), http://www.calsky.com/ (on-lain kalendar'), http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/ (katalog asteroidov i komet, a takzhe operativnaya informaciya o novyh nebesnyh telah), http://asteroidoccultation.com/IndexAll.htm (pokrytiya zvezd asteroidami).


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