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Holodnaya pogoda v Severnoi Amerike otkladyvaetsya
<< Vchera 15.11.2016 Zavtra >>
Holodnaya pogoda v Severnoi Amerike otkladyvaetsya
Avtory i prava: Reanalizator klimata, Institut izmenenii klimata, Universitet shtata Men
Perevod: D.Yu.Cvetkov
Poyasnenie: Pochemu v severnyh oblastyah Severnoi Ameriki tak teplo? Obychno v eto vremya goda – v seredine noyabrya – srednie temperatury nizhe primerno na 30 gradusov Farengeita (okolo 17 gradusov Cel'siya). V Evrope takogo potepleniya ne otmechaetsya. Odin faktor – neobychno bol'shaya i stabil'naya oblast' vysokogo davleniya, kotoraya sformirovalas' nad Kanadoi i zaderzhivaet holodnyi arkticheskii vozduh. Hotya fundamental'nye prichiny lyubyh pogodnyh yavlenii obychno slozhny, sushestvuet mnenie, chto ustoichivyi kanadskii anticiklon svyazan s povyshennoi temperaturoi poverhnosti srednei chasti Tihogo okeana, nablyudavsheisya proshloi zimoi, eto yavlenie nazyvayut El'-Nin'o. Odnako zhiteli Severnoi Ameriki mogut poka radovat'sya teploi pogode. Cherez odnu ili dve nedeli ponizhennaya temperatura, kotoraya seichas otmechaetsya v seredine Tihogo okeana – yavlenie La-Nin'ya – mozhet nachat' okazyvat' vliyanie na veter i temperaturu v Severnoi Amerike.

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Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff (MTU) & Jerry Bonnell (USRA)
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NASA Official: Jay Norris. Specific rights apply.
A service of: LHEA at NASA / GSFC
& Michigan Tech. U.

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